|Вестник самарского государственного экономического университета
Vestnik of Samara State University of Economics
|2021 №6 (200)
|Belyaeva I.Yu., Danilova O.V., Uskov K.V.|
|ORGANIZATION OF PROTECTION AGAINST ACQUISITIONS AS FORMS OF CORPORATE CONFLICT IN FOREIGN AND RUSSIAN PRACTICE|
|The article discusses the features of the organization of protection against acquisitions in foreign and Russian practice. The specifics of the manifestation of corporate conflicts, methods of acquisitions are analyzed, conclusions are formulated about the effect of the use of protective mechanisms and the peculiarities of the perception of these processes in Russia and abroad. Different companies apply different degrees of protection, and the question of why this happens remains open. No standard theoretical model has yet determined what explains the observed differences in the degree of protection of companies from acquisitions and how companies choose the degree of protection necessary for them.
Keywords: joint-stock property, corporation, corporate relations, corporate conflicts, corporate control, corporate governance, acquisition, protection from acquisition.
♦ a comparative analysis of foreign and Russian experience in organizing protection against unfriendly acquisitions is carried out;
♦ the effect of the use of protective mechanisms in foreign and Russian practice is evaluated.
|Email:||IBelyaeva@fa.ru; ODanilova@fa.ru; KVUskov@fa.ru|
|Сведения:||Irina Yu. Belyaeva, Doctor of Economics, Professor.; Olga V. Danilova, Doctor of Economics, Professor.; Kirill V. Uskov, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor. - Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow.||9|
|SPATIAL DYNAMICS OF HEALTHCARE DEVELOPMENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA|
|The features of the spatial dynamics of the development of American healthcare in the long term are revealed. Based on the use of statistical and economic analysis undertaken within the framework of a combination of historical, geospatial and typological approaches, the dynamics of the average annual indicators of the development of US healthcare for 1951-2020 in the context of individual states is studied. Grouping of indicators allowed to identify the relationship between the growth of efficiency, quality, safety, accessibility and effectiveness of US healthcare at the regional level. On the basis of this dependence, a typology of states is carried out, which generally corresponds to the central-peripheral concept of the dynamics of socio-economic development of the United States.
Keywords: US healthcare, spatial dynamics of healthcare development, healthcare efficiency, quality and accessibility of medical services, healthcare effectiveness.
♦ as part of the development of the methodological base of the study, the grouping of indicators of the average annual growth of efficiency, quality, safety, accessibility and effectiveness of the development of US healthcare in the context of specific states was carried out;
♦ the typology of the US states is carried out according to the combination of the main characteristics of the development of healthcare in 1951-2020, determined by various groups of indicators;
♦ the features of the spatial dynamics (at the levels of states and sub-regions of the country) of the development of US healthcare in the average annual growth rates for the studied period of time are revealed.
|Сведения:||Valery N. Minat, Candidate of Geographical Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Economics and Management of the Ryazan State Agrotechnological University by P.A. Kostychev.||15|
|SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF INTERACTION OF INDUSTRIAL AND TRADE POLICY IN SOCIALLY SIGNIFICANT INDUSTRIES|
|The development of socially oriented industries is a fundamental component of the socio-economic development of the country. The co-dependence of industries and the state of industry in it gives the research topic relevance, since consumer satisfaction can be achieved both with the help of their own industrial development and with cooperation with foreign industrial companies. The problem of the issue is precisely that most branches of the domestic processing industry, including socially significant ones, are import-dependent, and the level at which the interaction of industrial and trade policy (hereinafter referred to as the IITP) in them determines the future of their further development. The purpose of the study is to determine the essence of the IITP, the sustainability (and) development in socially oriented industries by considering the development both within the interaction itself (setting priorities and distributing roles among the main participants in the interaction of industrial and trade policy), and within its phased implementation as a single organism. The achievement of the author`s goal was facilitated by strategic, system and process approaches using general scientific research methods: comparative comparison, abstraction, logic, analysis, synthesis, etc. As a result of the conducted research, the scheme of interaction between the spheres of material and non-material production is presented; the definitions of the IITP are formulated; a cycle-model of the development of the IITP in socially oriented sectors of the national economy is developed; a comprehensive analysis of the set of certain indicators is recommended to assess the sustainability of the IITP development; the definition of the sustainable IITP development from the position of system formation and economic activity is presented.
Keywords: social significance of the industry, interaction of industrial and trade policy, industrial policy, trade policy, sustainable development of policies interaction.
♦ industry as a sphere of material production is the most important component of the long-term development of socially significant industries belonging to the intangible sphere of production;
♦ the interaction of industrial and trade policy in the industry is two-phased. The first stage: its implementation as a process of direct impact of industrial policy on trade at the micro-level - the level of an industrial enterprise, the second stage: implementation as a phenomenon of indirect impact of trade policy on industrial policy at the meso-level - the level of the industry;
♦ the development of the IITP is based on the implementation of cycles. The cycle begins with the diagnosis of IITP at an industrial enterprise and ends with the control of consumer satisfaction with goods of domestic production in the industry, taking into account its social significance. Each step of the cycle is a projection with an individual set of behavioral qualities of industrial and trade policy that interact at the level of industry;
♦ it is necessary to assess the development of the IITP at the industrial level, while the implementation of interaction is carried out in a commercial environment and is expressed by the growth of financial and economic indicators of an industrial enterprise. It is possible to assess the sustainability of the development of IITP only at the industry level, in this case we are talking about the perfection of previously developed industry standards (for example, the provision of medical care), while relying on a reliable industrial base. The assessment of the sustainable development of the IITP is based on the recommended comprehensive analysis of indicators, their magnitude and dynamics;
♦ the definition of the sustainable development of the IITP should be considered integrally: from the point of view of the philosophy of its system formation and from the point of view of the fact of conducting economic activity by an industrial enterprise.
|Сведения:||Elena A. Roslyakova, Candidate for a Degree of Candidate of Sciences of Omsk F.M. Dostoevsky State University.||23|
|ECONOMICS, ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT ORGANIZATIONS, BRANCHES, COMPLEXES|
|PROGRAM FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF A FRANCHISE BUSINESS NETWORK ON THE MARKET|
|The franchise model is currently the most profitable, fast-growing business format that ensures the economic growth of the regional and Russian economy. The subject of the study was the program for the development of a franchise business network in the market. The purpose of this study is to develop effective management measures to expand the use of franchise relations in business networks. The use of the author`s approach allowed to build a step-by-step program for scaling a ready-made partner business and increase the level of transparency of franchise relations. The practical significance lies in the development of a set of practical steps within the framework of the implementation of the action program to enhance the use of franchising in the Russian economy, which will increase the number of new participants in franchise systems.
Keywords: franchising, development program, franchisor, franchaisee, franchise, franchising department, commercial concession agreement.
♦ a phased program for the development of a franchise network for enterprises has been developed in order to increase the scale of activities and achieve efficiency and business sustainability;
♦ the organizational structure of the franchising department is determined, which is necessary for competent support of the franchise launch, regulation of further actions of the franchisee and minimization of possible risks;
♦ a questionnaire for the selection of a potential franchisee is suggested.
|Сведения:||Maria A. Bogatova, Postgraduate Student of the Samara State University of Economics.||35|
|Dadykin V.S., Dadykina O.V.|
|ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY ASSESSMENT OF GEOLOGICAL EXPLORATION WORKS IN THE PROCESS OF GEOLOGICAL EXPLORATION OF SUBSURFACE RESOURCES|
|The relevance of the economic assessment of the effectiveness of geological exploration works in the process of geological exploration of the subsurface resources consists not only in the need to ensure the stages of the geological exploration process, but also in the need to increase the reliability of the economic assessment of the effectiveness of geological exploration works in the process of geological exploration of the subsurface resources. As practice shows, it is the geological study of the subsurface that is the most expensive and high-risk process, the effectiveness of which largely depends on the ability to estimate the costs of increasing reserves with the greatest accuracy, especially in terms of industrial categories. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a methodology for evaluating the effectiveness of geological exploration, the use of which would allow estimating costs and results at the planning stage. The quality of geological exploration works at the object is determined by the increment of the initial geological and economic information. The greatest risks when performing geological exploration works arise when interacting between the state customer of geological exploration works at the early stages of geological exploration and geological organizations performing works under state contracts. As a result, a method of economic evaluation of the efficiency of geological exploration works in the process of geological exploration of the subsurface was proposed, which was tested on solid minerals, using the example of the Central Federal District.
Keywords: economic assessment, project management, geological study of subsurface resources, economic efficiency of subsurface use.
♦ the industry efficiency of geological exploration is estimated by the ratio of the costs of conducting geological exploration works with the results obtained, which are characterized by the performance of the project task for geological study, forecasting, prospecting, preparation of proven reserves for industrial development;
♦ to calculate the efficiency of geological exploration works, the following parameters should be used: the project task, represented by the number of explored reserves or forecast resources and their ratio by categories; the actual performance of the geological task; the estimated cost of works on the geological task; the actual costs of performing geological exploration, as well as specific indicators in terms of planned and actual costs of conducting geological exploration works;
♦ when designing geological exploration works by categories, it is recommended to apply correction coefficients to increase the cost of geological exploration works, depending on the degree of reliability of the obtained geological results.
|Сведения:||Valery S. Dadykin, Doctor of Economics, Professor. Olga V. Dadykina, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor. - Bryansk State Technical University.||43|
|Nikitina N.V., Makhmudov F.A.|
|EVOLUTIONARILY STABLE STRATEGIES OF ECONOMIC BEHAVIOR|
|Modern science proceeds from the fact that the basis of economic behavior is volitional «controllability», i.e. awareness of the possible consequences of one`s action/inaction by a person, on the basis of which the most effective behavioral models, common in a particular socio-cultural community, are formed from the position of satisfying one`s needs. This article analyzes the theoretical and practical properties of understanding evolutionarily stable strategies of economic behavior, which at a subconscious level determine the further development of economic relations.
Keywords: economy, evolutionarily stable strategies, strategic process, external and internal environment, system, need, society, consistent patterns, science, competence, level, implementation.
♦ evolutionarily stable strategies of economic behavior are based on evolutionary processes -from the lowest to the highest and on horizontal economic development - from simple to complex and are implemented according to the emerging socio-economic situations;
♦ the development and formation of new evolutionarily stable strategies of economic behavior should be considered as the main priority directions of the evolutionary economy;
♦ when forming new evolutionarily stable strategies of economic behavior, it is recommended to take into account the orientation of economic entities to the development of competition, which is the product of action, in most of the subconscious socio-biological behavior programs.
|Сведения:||Natalia V. Nikitina, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor of the Department of Economics, Organization and Strategy of Enterprise Development.; Farkhod A. Makhmudov, Postgraduate Student. - Samara State University of Economics.||48|
|Smolina E.S., Vlasov A.Yu.|
|STRUCTURAL AND DYNAMIC CHANGES IN THE COMMERCIAL REAL ESTATE MARKET UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF COVID-19|
|The article examines the impact of the new coronavirus infection on the commercial real estate market. A structural and dynamic analysis of the main indicators of the development of this market in the Russian Federation was carried out, the key factors of its development and the impact of the pandemic of a new coronavirus infection on it were determined.
Keywords: commercial real estate, real estate, coronavirus, investments. Highlights:
♦ the analysis of the current state of the structure of the commercial real estate market is carried out;
♦ the dynamics of the main parameters of the market is studied: supply, demand and the cost of renting a square meter;
♦ the factors influencing the state of the commercial real estate rental market are considered;
♦ the market development trends for the near future are estimated.
|Сведения:||Ekaterina S. Smolina, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Applied Management; Arkady Yu. Vlasov, Master`s Student. - Samara State University of Economics.||54|
|DEVELOPMENT OF AN EFFECTIVE ALGORITHM OF MAKING A DECISION ABOUT CHOOSING THE TYPE OF STRATEGY OF AN IT SECTOR COMPANY INTERNAL GROWTH|
|The article discusses the importance of the internal growth strategy for IT sector companies. The corresponding analysis is carried out on the example of the company LLC IC «SIBINTEK». The paper calculates and analyzes the target indicators of the enterprise allocated for a specific company; the current growth strategy is considered; conclusions are drawn about its effectiveness in modern realities.
Keywords: decision-making, growth strategy, economic efficiency, business management.
♦ the internal growth strategy serves as a key aspect of corporate development;
♦ any internal growth strategy is subject to unforeseen risks that affect the expected rate of net profit in the future;
♦ regarding the object of research, the chosen strategy is an internal growth strategy and is suitable for the implementation of the main goals and objectives of the company, guarantees sustainable development in the long term.
|Сведения:||Elena P. Troshina, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor of the Department of Applied Management of the Samara State University of Economics.||61|
|Самарский государственный экономический университет © 2007-2021|