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Вестник самарского государственного экономического университета
Vestnik of Samara State University of Economics
2024 №1 (231)
The genesis of efficiency in economics
Abstract Based on a critical analysis of approaches of various researchers, the evolution of the essence of the concept of "efficiency" is determined in the article, aspects of this category in relation to the field of higher education are considered. It is noted that the problem of analyzing the effectiveness of business entities in the economic literature is well covered. A large number of researchers consider various aspects of the formation of the effectiveness of organizations in various industries and fields of activity in relation to a variety of conditions. At the same time, the issues of the effectiveness of institutions of higher education cause some discussion. The functioning and development of universities and ensuring their competitiveness are impossible without the formation of their effectiveness, including in modern conditions under the influence of universal digitalization of all spheres of activity. The new technological paradigm of higher education generates new conditions for the formation of their effectiveness, new factors, tools and criteria, that determines the interest in the subject of this research. The result of the analysis is the structuring of scientific and methodological approaches to the concept of "efficiency", which later allowed defining the effectiveness of a university.
Keywords: efficiency, scientific and methodological approaches, university efficiency, digital transformation of higher education. Highlights: ♦ the content of the concept of "efficiency" was formed from the general to the particular; ♦ in modern conditions, it is important to single out the concept of "efficiency" for a specific field of activity based on its specifics; ♦ the fundamental scientific and methodological approaches that form the essence of the concept of "efficiency" are effective and comprehensive.
Email:shorohovr@mail.ru; kedr-2024@yandex.ru; ysuslova@sfu-kras.ru; overemeenko@sfu-kras.ru
Сведения:Roman G. Shorohov, Andrey V. Voloshin, Yulia Yu. Suslova, Olga S. Veremeenko - Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Environmental and technological projects as an instrument of industrial policy in Industry 5.0 conditions
Abstract In the conditions of Industry 5.0, industrial integration, which affects the interests of all stakeholders in the territory where industrial enterprises are present, must be studied and assessed from the perspective of the trinity of economic (technological), environmental and social efficiency. An effective tool for implementingthe policy of technological sovereignty and sustainable development of the industrial sector are environmental and technological projects that comply with the principles of the best available technologies. The article suggests factors that should be taken into account when selecting environmental and technological projects, as well as the main directions for their assessment, ensuring the achievement of economic, environmental and social development goals and contributing to the technological sovereignty of the domestic economy. The authors analyzed a number of cases describing projects implemented by industrial clusters and symbioses operating in various regions of the Russian Federation, from the perspective of their compliance with the above factors. Problems and promisingdirections of environmental and technological transformation of domestic industrial production in modern realities have been identified.
Keywords: territorial sustainable development, industrial integration, industrial symbiosis, environmental and technological projects, Industry 5.0. Highlights: ♦ in the context of the development of Industry 5.0, cross-sectoral environmental and technological projects that comply with the principles of the best available technologies should be considered as an instrument of regional industrial policy aimed at achieving technological sovereignty; these projects can be most effectively implemented through the integration of industrial actors (industrial clusters, symbioses, etc.); ♦ a balanced approach to the assessment of cross-sectoral environmental and technological projects, taking into account economic, social and environmental-technological effects, will contribute to more transparent decision-makingand will help strengthen the role of industrial enterprises and their integrations on the path to sustainable development of regions; ♦ a holistic approach to the management of domestic industrial production is required, linking goals, strategies, development tools at the level of individual industrial enterprises, their integrations (clusters, symbioses, etc.), regions, uniting the efforts of all stakeholders and ensuring a synergistic effect and sustainable economic development.
Email:gamidullaeva@gmail.com, tt400@mail.ru, nshmeleva@misis.ru
Сведения:Leyla A. Gamidullaeva - Penza State University, Penza, Russia; Tatyana 0. Tolstykh, Nadezhda V. Shmeleva - National Research Technological University "MISIS", Moscow, Russia
Resource centers for socially oriented non-profit organizations: theory and practice of regional support
Abstract Nowadays resource centers for socially oriented non-profit organizations may be considered as a driver for the territorial development. However, government support often remains the key element for its functioning. The purpose of this work is to design proposals for improving measures of state support for the activities of resource centers based on a study of the experience of the Russian regions. Statistical data from the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia, the authorities of the regions of the Ural Federal District, on the volume of state support provided to resource centers were studied. Descriptive methods, and analysis of current legislation were applied. It should be noted that regions have accumulated different experiences in providing government support measures to resource centers. The author`s proposals for improving measures of state support for the work of resource centers include the certification of resource centers, providing financial support on a long-term basis, and mandatory assessment of the effectiveness of support measures provided by authorities. Results of this research may have practical significance for the authorities of regions of the Russian Federation and representatives of the non-profit sector.
Keywords: resource centers, non-profit organizations, NPO, socially oriented non-profit organizations, SONPO, government support, non-prof it sector, region. Highlights: ♦ it is proposed to consider resource centers simultaneously in three guises, namely as an element of the infrastructure for supporting the non-profit sector, as an object of state policy and as a subject of socioeconomic relations in a particular territory; ♦ the concept of "state support for the activities of resource centers for SONPO" has been clarified; ♦ the advantages and disadvantages of existing practices in the regions of the Ural Federal District for creating, operating resource centers and providing them with support from regional authorities have been identified.
Сведения:Ekaterina I. Kaibicheva - Ural State University of Economics, Ekaterinburg, Russia
Emerging trends in socio-economic development for economic entities (using the example of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation)
Abstract As you know, any concept contains the future tense, in addition, strategies, programs and projects for the development of the northern territories require the full involvement of all economic entities in their implementation. In the implementation of the development strategies of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, the stumbling block was not only the issue of resource allocation between economic entities, but also the problem of specialization of their functions and differences in their interests, which did not allow them to achieve their goals in the end. The purpose of this study is to achieve the desired socio-economic result using foresight tools on the example of the Russian Arctic. The research methods are presented within the framework of socio-economic foresight. Methods of studying weak signals of emerging trends and possible jokers are used. It is assumed that the emerging new model of relations between economic entities such as the state, business and the family, aimed at joiningforces, working in a group, will overcome the above barrier.
Keywords: foresight, emerging trends, wild card, horizon of foresight, economic entities, weak signals, Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, AZRF, socio-economic development. Highlights: ♦ in economics, the horizons of the future are considered an unquantifiable quantity, but foresight tools make it possible to give economic meaning and a reasonable explanation to plans for socio-economic development; ♦ the practical expediency is seen in the fact that emerging trends can serve as an object of targeted influence of stakeholders; ♦ the scenario of the socio-economic development of the Russian Arctic becomes a formed reality largely under the influence of the will, desires and actions of economic entities in the group.
Сведения:Yuri Yu. Fedorov - Northeastern Federal University named after M.K. Ammosov, Yakutsk, Russia
Paradigm for balanced enterprise development: conceptual approaches
Abstract The article examines the paradigm of balanced enterprise development, analyzes various conceptual approaches, identifies the relationship and difference between the categories of "sustainable development" and "balanced development". The stages of formation and key goals of a balanced scorecard are determined, the features of its application in modern conditions of the development of the domestic economy are revealed.
Keywords: industrial enterprises of the Russian Federation, balanced development, sustainable development, balanced scorecard system, BSC indicators, stages of formation of a balanced scorecard system, features of BSC implementation, problems of BSC implementation. Highlights: ♦ differences between the concepts of «balanced development" and «sustainable development" were identified; ♦ an algorithm has been developed that determines the stages of forming a system of balanced indicators; ♦ the key components of the balanced scorecard system are analyzed; ♦ the problems of implementinga system of balanced indicators in the conditions of the domestic economy are identified.
Сведения:Yulia I. Vaskova - Samara State University of Economics, Samara, Russia
Actual problems of internal control of statutory activities in non-profit organizations
Abstract The systematic active development of the third sector raises the question of increasingthe level of public trust on the part of stakeholders in the activities of non-profit organizations. A bona fide non-profit organization must ensure a positive business reputation, achievement of statutory goals, and long-term continuous operation. One of the tools to ensure favorable conditions for effective and long-term work is the availability of an internal control system for the organization`s activities that monitors the implementation of the financial plan, ensures reliability, validity of management decisions and guarantees the fulfillment of obligations. The article describes the current problems of the functioning of the internal control system in organizations of the non-profit sector and forms proposals for their solution.
Keywords: non-profit organization, internal control, risks, information, control environment, reliability. Highlights: ♦ the content of the internal contour of a non-profit organization, which includes corporate culture, regulatory, information, financial and control environment, is investigated; ♦ the current problems of the functioning of the internal control system in non-profit organizations are analyzed; ♦ the effectiveness of the internal control system is achieved by improving processes, structuring and clarifying the mission of non-profit organizations, expanding and scaling up funding sources, clarifying target groups of beneficiaries, conducting transparent business activities, building trust on the part of employees, volunteers and stakeholders.
Сведения:Irina A. Svetkina - Samara State University of Economics, Samara, Russia
Participation of commercial banks in ecosystems and corporate banking strategy
Abstract The digitalization of the banking sector in the world has reached such a scale that it is already appropriate to talk about the transformation of the sectoral economy into an ecosystem economy. Digital technologies are so rapidly entering our daily lives, covering such areas as everyday life, communications, education, healthcare and much more, that ignoring them will deprive any enterprise of competitiveness in the market and naturally lead to a drop in income, or even bankruptcy. Banking institutions are dramatically changing their financial appearance, the processes of bank functioning, the formation of banking products and services, and the ways of interacting with customers are changing, and this requires careful study. At the same time, such a concept as the financial reliability of commercial banks not only does not lose its importance, but also acquires a new meaning for evaluating the bank`s activities as a high-tech financial center for the formation of an ecosystem. In addition, in modern conditions, the choice of a bank`s strategy must be carried out not only depending on the long-term goals of the bank, but also taking into account the impact of IT technologies on its work, as well as the level of their development in the world. The article examines the impact of digitalization on the financial stability of a commercial bank and the formation of a general strategy for its development in the context of building a digital ecosystem. In the course of the research, a qualitative analysis of the ways of ecosystem formation and its structure was carried out. To do this, the orders of the government of the Russian Federation, legal acts, and reports of some commercial banks that are in the public domain were studied. A comparative analysis of the banks` ma rketing strategy has been carried out.
Keywords: ecosystem, banking, digitalization, corporate reliability, digital platform, technologies, banking services. Highlights: ♦ as a result of the conducted research, conclusions are drawn about the impact of digitalization on the financial reliability of a commercial bank and the overall development strategy in the context of building a digital ecosystem; ♦ the definition of an ecosystem as a hierarchical corporate structure is given; ♦ the problem of increasing the financial reliability of the bank as a link in the ecosystem is considered; ♦ a matrix has been proposed for choosing a corporate strategy for active banking to enhance it, which can be used by both banks that are part of ecosystems and banks that remain offline at the local level.
Сведения:Elena A. Vetrova - Institute of Economic Research, Donetsk, Russia
Budget policy of the Russian Federation in modern economic conditions
Abstract This article examines the main modern trends in the budget policy of the Russian Federation. The relevance of such scientific research is determined by the fact that the analysis of the state budget policy allows us to identify the main problems in the formation and use of budget funds, and to determine possible ways to optimize the process of managing national resources. This is of particular importance in the context of growing budget expenditures and public debt. The purpose of this article is to determine the main directions and features of the implementation of Russia`s budget policy in the current socio-economic conditions. The research carried out in the work showed that the budget policy currently being implemented in Russia uses countercyclical measures; its key directions are to ensure the efficiency of budget planning and expenditure of public financial resources. The latter is achieved through the reform of such instruments as government programs. An analysis of the main parameters of the federal budget was also carried out - revenues, expenses, deficits, and the share of program expenses in the total expenditure of funds from the national budget were studied. The problems of the budget policy of the Russian Federation identified during the study made it possible to determine the main ways and tools to overcome them.
Keywords: budget, budget policy, economic sanctions, budget expenditures, budget revenues, deficit, national priority, state program, project management. Highlights: ♦ the main goals and directions of Russia`s budget policy are outlined; ♦ the content of the main reforms in the field of government program management was studied; ♦ an analysis of key indicators of the federal budget of the Russian Federation was carried out; ♦ the main tools and measures that can be used by the state to ensure the effectiveness of budget policy in modern socio-economic conditions are considered.
Сведения:Larisa N. Mulendeeva - Samara State University of Economics, Samara, Russia
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