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Вестник самарского государственного экономического университета
Vestnik of Samara State University of Economics
2023 №12 (230)
Current trends in the development of the global ferrous metals market
Abstract. The objective of the study is to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the directions of increasing the economic potential of the Russian metallurgical industry through the policy of import substitution in the face of unprecedented sanctions from Western countries. The relevance of the study is determined by the need for companies in the metallurgical industry of Russia to form and develop their own foreign economic strategy for the development of steel exports to world markets. The article investigates current problems of the development of the world ferrous metals market based on the analysis of statistical data. Conclusions are drawn about the causes of crisis phenomena in the metallurgical industry under the influence of neo-eco-nomic uncertainty and geopolitical constraints, current trends in technology development, regulatory requirements and digitalization. The possibilities are considered, and ways of overcoming crisis phenomena are proposed.
Keywords: ferrous metallurgy, global economic uncertainty, geo-policy, digitalization of the economy, price volatility, environmental standards, infrastructure, risk management, sustainable production Highlights: ♦ the analysis of statistical data on the development of the world market of ferrous metals was carried out; ♦ it is determined that the main causes of crisis phenomena in the metallurgical industry are associated with geo-economic uncertainty and geopolitical constraints; ♦ the importance of modern trends in technology development, regulatory requirements and digitaliza-tion for metallurgy is shown; ♦ the author`s understanding of the possibility of their development is given.
Email:Noskov1Q62@inbox.ru; m.n.konkov@gmail.com
Сведения:Vladimir A. Noskov, Maxim N. Konkov - Samara State University of Economics, Samara, Russia
Investment attractiveness of the Russian Federation in the conditions of transformation of the world economy
Abstract. At the present stage of development of world economic relations, an important condition for the state to overcome the crisis is to increase the level of its competitiveness, which cannot be fully realized without attracting a significant amount of investment. For the economy of the Russian Federation foreign capital is one of the factors of development, as it will allow to modernize production through the introduction of technological innovations to ensure sustainable growth of the national economy, which contributes to the build-up of competitive advantages in the world arena. In order to increase the investment attractiveness of the Russian economy, it is necessary to improve the investment climate, form a favorable business environment, improve infrastructure along with ensuring economic security within the country. In this regard, the need to improve the mechanism of increasing the investment attractiveness of the Russian Federation in the transformation of the world economy is aggravated.
Keywords: investment attractiveness, investment climate, high-tech export Highlights: ♦ investment inflows and exports of high-tech products increase the country`s gross domestic product; ♦ a favorable investment climate, removal of bureaucratic barriers and development of innovative activities are necessary to ensure the flow of direct foreign investments; ♦ measures to identify and develop promising investment projects should be based on the creation of unified innovation models based on the cluster approach.
Сведения:Anna G. Turalina - Donetsk State University, Donetsk, Russia
Financial result as the main indicator of the efficiency of industrial enterprises during the transition to a new economy
Abstract. Currently, the transformational mechanisms of the new economy (noonomics) are impossible without the growth of industrial production and the development of industrial enterprises and regions. To increase the gross regional product and business efficiency, an important aspect is to increase the indicators of financial results of industrial enterprises, innovative and investment development of regions in spatial and economic integration. At the same time, the production process of an industrial enterprise is inevitably associated with the movement of capital, the allocation of resources, the implementation of the intended goals and the achievement of financial results.
Keywords: industries, new economy, economic relations, financial results, profit, profitability, profitability indicators, economic growth, regional development Highlights: ♦ the basis for analyzing the financial performance of enterprises in the industrial sector is the collection of the necessary comprehensive information; ♦ the analysis of financial results is an important attribute of the effective development of an enterprise in a period of sanctions and uncertainty; ♦ determining the factors influencing the improvement of financial results is of great importance for the development of enterprises and increasing profits and profitability during the transition to a new economy.
Сведения:Olga A. Bulavko, Nikita V. Grishov - Samara State University of Economics, Samara, Russia
Feasibility study of the introduction of separation devices with arc-shaped elements in fluidized bed reactors
Abstract. The article provides a feasibility study for the introduction of separation devices with arc-shaped elements (SDwAE) in fluidized bed reactors. It has been shown that the currently used cyclone separators in reactors have a number of disadvantages. SDwAE was proposed as a replacement. A model of a separation device is presented and the mechanism of its operation is described. The proposed arrangement of 6 SDwAE s in a reactor to replace 12 cyclone separators is shown schematically. An estimated economic calculation showed that the cost of the project for the implementation of 6 SDwAE in reactors is estimated at 5,726 thousand rubles, which is 2.6 times cheaper than analogues (12 cyclone separators). When comparing the technical characteristics of separation devices, it was found that most of the parameters of 6 SDwAE are better than 12 cyclone separators: metal consumption 5119 kg (1.4 times lower), hydraulic resistance of about 3600 Pa (2.5 times lower), wear of the catalyst and walls device is lower due to lower operating speeds. In the course of the economic assessment of the project using the SDwAE, the following parameters were considered: discount factor Kd, discounted cash flows DCF, net present value NPV, profitability index PI and discounted payback period DPP. Possible scenarios for increasing IC to 15,000 thousand rubles are analyzed. Calculation of the profitability index PI for different initial costs of the IC project from 5726 to 15000 thousand rubles. showed that it is cost-effective, i.e. PI > 1, only in those cases in which financial flows per year CF, considering depreciation charges, are at least 1867 thousand rubles. The discounted payback period of the DPP project is 1.4 - 6.6 years with financial flows per year CF equal to 1867 - 5500 thousand rubles. with the initial cost of the IC project equal to 5726 thousand rubles..
Keywords: feasibility study, separation device, cyclone separator, discounted payback period, investment, net present value, profitability index, innovative project. Highlights: ♦ the feasibility study was carried out for the introduction of separation devices with arc-shaped elements (SDwAE) into a fluidized bed reactor to capture finely dispersed catalyst; ♦ technical and economic comparison of 6 SDwAE and 12 cyclone separators was carried out in terms of cost, metal consumption, efficiency, hydraulic resistance, power consumption, annual electricity consumption, wear of the catalyst and apparatus; ♦ the impact of the initial cost of the project for the implementation of SDwAE in fluidized bed reactors from 5,726 to 15,000 thousand rubles was considered. and changes in financial flows CF from 500 to 5500 thousand rubles. to change the discounted payback period of the project and the profitability index.
Email:vadd_93@mail.ru; salahova.elmira@gmail.ru; ilnyr_91@mail.ru; azalkaabdullina69826@gmail.com
Сведения:Vadim E. Zinurov, Azaliia A. Abdullina - Kazan State Power Engineering University, Kazan, Russia; Elmira I. Salakhova, Ilnur N. Madyshev - Nizhnekamsk Institute of Chemical Technology (branch) Kazan National Research Technological University, Nizhnekamsk, Russia
Yakut cinema as the engine of the region`s economy
Abstract. In the modern world, the film industry is an important sector of the country`s economy, and interest in its study is growing every day. Yakut cinema has achieved significant development in recent decades, attracting the attention of viewers from all over the world. It fascinates with its uniqueness, reflects the traditions and culture of the Sakha people. The article is aimed at studying the Yakut cinema and determining its role in the economic and social development of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). The current state of the Yakut film industry has been analyzed using statistical, analytical and sociological data. The authors considered topical issues: socio-economic features, the main participants of the film market of the republic, support measures and economic indicators of films. The results of the study revealed the significant contribution of the Yakut film industry to the economic and social development of the republic: it attracts the attention of investors, creates new jobs, promotes the development of tourism and the formation of the image of the region. Yakut cinema also serves as a means of preserving and popularizing the cultural heritage of the Sakha people.
Keywords: film industry, Sakha people, economy, budget, fees, film distribution, Yakut cinema Highlights: ♦ the role of the Yakut cinema in the economic and social development of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) has been studied and determined; ♦ the analysis of the main participants of the film market and economic indicators of film production is presented; ♦ the main difficulties affecting the development of the film industry in the republic are identified.
Email:anyatomskaya77@gmail.com; ulsem2012@mail.ru
Сведения:Anna V. Tomskaya, Ulyana S. Borisova - Northeastern Federal University named after M.K. Ammosov, Yakutsk, Russia
Sharing economy as a driver for the social entrepreneurship development
Abstract. Sharing economies and social entrepreneurship appear to be new and effective models of socio-economic development based on a more rational use of resources. The purpose of this study is to substantiate the application of the potential of the sharing economy in social entrepreneurship. Based on the analysis of scientific sources, it is shown that the point of joint development of the sharing economy and social entrepreneurship is sustainable development. Based on a case study analysis, the experience of using sharing economy tools at the each stage of the implementation of social entrepreneurship is presented. The analysis presents digital platforms and projects that can be used for attracting resources, joint production, as well as the sale of goods. During the discussion, key aspects of the formation of a digital ecosystem of social goods and services are described, and the need for a flexible and quickly adaptable institutional environment is outlined. The practical significance of the results obtained lies in the possibility of applying the presented results for the social environment development and creating conditions for the creating digital inclusive environment.
Keywords: sharing economy, social entrepreneurship, case study, ecosystem, digital technologies, crowd-funding. Highlights: ♦ social entrepreneurship and the sharing economy can be considered jointly, due to their focus on sustainable development; ♦ sharing economy tools can be used at various stages of the process of creating social goods; ♦ based on the analysis of the case-study, it can be conclude that there is successful experience in using the sharing economy for the development of social entrepreneurship.
Email:vay_uiec@mail.ru; ksush1@yandex.ru
Сведения:Anna Y. Veretennikova, Ksenia M. Kozinskaya - Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Ekaterinburg, Russia
Modern concepts of organizations risk management
Abstract. Strategic risk management is an important component of the strategic management of organizations, contributing to ensuring their competitiveness and sustainability in the market. This includes identifying and classifying risks, developing risk management strategies, making decisions about accepting or reducing risks, as well as ongoing monitoring and risk assessment. Risk assessment is a key element of strategic risk management, allowing an organization to determine the likelihood of undesirable events and their possible consequences. Some common approaches include identifying potential threats, assessing the likelihood of these threats, analyzing possible consequences, assessing the level of risk exposure, developing risk mitigation measures, and choosing the most effective risk management strategies. This study is devoted to modern concepts of strategic risk management in organizations. The works of several domestic and foreign authors and their approach to this issue are considered. In the course of the work, the system method, methods of analysis and synthesis were used. The concepts of strategic risk management are highlighted and analyzed, their advantages and disadvantages are described. The conclusion is substantiated about the imperfection of the applied concepts and the need to refine them in order to simplify and improve the quality of strategic risk management in organizations. The conclusion is made about the relevance of this topic and the need for further research in this area.
Keywords: concept, risk, management, risk management, stakeholder approach, proactive approach, compliance strategizing, digital concept. Highlights: ♦ the concepts of strategic risk management of organizations are classified; ♦ the advantages and disadvantages of each concept are indicated; ♦ the conclusion about the imperfection of the applied concepts and the need to refine them in order to simplify and improve the quality of strategic risk management is substantiated.
Email:aa_sozinova@vyatsu.ru; stud147133@vyatsu.ru
Сведения:Anastasia A. Sozinova, Aleksandr V. Falaleev - Vyatka State University, Kirov, Russia
Integration of strategic planning and business planning of project activities
Abstract. Among the representatives of the scientific and practical communities, there is a need for integrated solutions in the field of strategic planning and business process planning in order to form a sustainable management of the organization. Such system and integrated solutions are especially relevant for project activities, they allow us to consolidate the success of not only one project, but also a set of them from different spheres of economic activity. The purpose of the study is to analyze and evaluate the processes of integration of strategic planning and business planning of project activities. The research is based on the use of the results of scientific research, expert assessments and public data of Russian companies. The results of the study can be used as a basis for making decisions on the implementation of systemic, integrated solutions in project activities.
Keywords: strategic planning, business planning, integration, project, project activity. Highlights: ♦ the directions of integrated system solutions for strategic planning and business planning are defined; ♦ the advantages of system solutions in the activities of design organizations are shown.
Сведения:Nikolai A. Khovrin - Samara State University of Economics, Samara, Russia
The role of taxes in the implementation of national projects
Abstract. The main goal of the national projects developed in accordance with the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation with a validity period until 2024 is to improve the social and economic situation in the country and improve the quality of life of the population. Among these national projects, "Demography" occupies a special place: the demographic situation in the country continues to be difficult, caused mainly by the low birth rate (in 2023, 1.5 children per woman, which is below the replacement level of generations). The average life expectancy in Russia was 75 years for men and 81 for women. As the population declines, the economic potential of the country decreases, which will become a threat to the stability of the country`s future development. This determines the relevance of the topic of the article. The purpose of the study is to identify the role of tax regulation in the field of demography. The demographic situation depends on many factors: the economic situation (income level), education, medical care and health, state demographic policy (support for families with children, maternity capital, tax benefits for large families, etc.). In addition to the above, there are many more conditions for demographic growth, primarily housing conditions. The article examines the social function of two taxes (income tax and personal income tax) and their impact on demographic processes. The author uses analysis, synthesis, grouping, generalization, comparison, tabular, etc. The study is based on data from Rosstat, the Ministry of Finance, the Federal Tax Service, the Ministry of Construction of the Russian Federation, etc. The study established the ineffectiveness of tax regulation of demographic processes, and for income tax due to non-use by taxpayers the opportunities provided by Chapter 25 of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation, regarding personal income tax - due to the insignificance of the provided tax deductions for tax.
Keywords: life expectancy, natural population growth (decrease), infant mortality, per capita cash income, cost of living, national projects, tax expenses, standard deductions, property deductions. Highlights: ♦ with an increase in mortality and a decrease in the birth rate and life expectancy, there is a decrease in the population, including those of working age; ♦ significant stratification of the population by income level; ♦ national projects do not take into account the current situation in the regions on the issues included in the projects; ♦ the role of tax regulation in the implementation of national projects is insignificant; ♦ the validity period of national projects ends in 2024, project indicators remain unachieved.
Сведения:Nikolay Z. Zotikov - Chuvash State University named after I.N. Ulyanov, Cheboksary, Russia
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