|Вестник самарского государственного экономического университета
Vestnik of Samara State University of Economics
|2017 №7 (153)
|THEORY OF ECONOMICS|
|THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF THE ECONOMIC STATE POLICY DEVELOPMENT|
|The article illustrates approaches to determine the essence of the state economic policy. The subject-object specificity of this sphere is determined, and the goal-setting of the policy is outlined. The author formulates key principles for the state economic policy development in modern conditions, and suggests a corresponding theoretical and methodological conception.
Keywords: state economic policy, purpose of the economic policy, subjects (carriers) and object of the economic policy, principles of the economic policy development.
the theoretical and methodological conception of the development of the state`s economic policy, combining its essential characteristics, hierarchy of goals, development principles, subject-object specificity;
on the basis of the retrospective analysis, four approaches to the consideration of the essence of the economic policy of the state are refined;
the system analysis made it possible to identify key principles for the formation of the state`s economic policy - systemic, temporary lag, harmonization of interests, "framework", subsidiarity of authorities, scientific character, socialization of the economy, efficiency of activities.
|Сведения:||Irina A. Troyan, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor, V. I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University.||5|
|CUSTOMS ADMINISTRATION IN REDUCTION CONDITIONS OF FOREIGN TRADE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION|
|The author analyzes the role of the customs service as an instrument of state influence on economic growth through regulation of external trade flows.
Keywords: foreign trade, economic growth, customs service, transaction costs, administrative barriers.
the analysis of the main theoretical approaches to justify the mechanism of the impact of foreign trade on economic growth is carried out;
the role of the customs service in regulating international trade flows is outlined;
the main current problems while choosing the tactics of customs administration are highlighted, and a vector of their overcoming is indicated.
|Сведения:||Denis Eu. Nikitin, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor, Samara State University of Economics.||12|
|PROJECT MANAGEMENT AS A STIMULATION TOOL OF ACTORS’ INNOVATIVE ACTIVITY OF THE REGIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM|
|The essence of project management in the public sector is considered, the features and role of the project approach at the regional level are revealed. The main practices of implementing project management in Russia are revealed, a model for implementing project management of the regional innovation system is proposed to enhance the interaction of the scientific and educational sector, the state and business.
Keywords: project management, regional innovation system, management, incentive tools, innovative activity, actors of the regional innovation system.
the regulatory and legal framework for project management at the federal level is studied;
actual initiatives on introduction and development of project management at the federal and regional levels are identified;
based on the model of the project-oriented management system of the subject of the Russian Federation, the model of project management of the regional innovation system is proposed.
|Сведения:||Ksenia Zenina, a post-graduate student, Samara State University of Economics.||18|
|MULTIPLE PERIPHERY OR TO THE QUESTION ON THE TYPOLOGY OF PERIPHERAL REGIONS |
|A brief review of the studies of peripheral territories in economic science and economic geography is given. The conclusion is made about the need to generalize the accumulated knowledge about the periphery. The authors generalize typologies of peripheral regions developed in the works of domestic and foreign scientists, taking into account the provisions of the “center-periphery” theory, spatial development theories and the theory of peripheral economy; the authors suggest a vision of the types of peripheral territories based on the dynamics of their position in the “center-periphery” system. It is noted that typologies of peripheral regions, which can change under the influence of various factors, are applicable not only in theory, but also in management practice. Prospects of this study are related to clarifying the content of the concepts of “periphery”, “peripheral territory”, “peripheral region”, as well as peripheral criteria.
Keywords: region, periphery, peripheral region, typology, center-periphery theory, spatial development theory, theory of peripheral economy.
the theoretical field of peripheral research, represented by a set of theories of peripheral economy, the theory of "world - system", J. Friedmann`s theory of "center - periphery" , can be supplemented by theories of spatial development (I. G. von Thunen`s theory of agricultural standort, V. Launhardt`s theory of the rational standort of the industrial enterprise, A. Weber`s theory of industrial standort, V. Kristaller`s theory of central places, A.Lesch`s theory of spatial organization of the economy, the theory of growth poles, etc.). From the standpoint of the latter, the periphery can be viewed as a component of a polarized economic space, which in turn makes it possible to justify a multiscale approach to its study"
the periphery is a special economic phenomenon, the research of which is still far from its completion, requires the generalization of accumulated knowledge through the use of the typology method;
the analysis of domestic and foreign scientists has made it possible to identify several types of periphery: internal and external, horizontal and vertical, deep and contact, periphery at the macro, meso- and micro levels, and also suggests such a basis for its typology, as the dynamics of the territory`s position change in the national system of "center-periphery".
|Сведения:||Ekaterina I. Kaibicheva, Candidate of Economics, assistant of Regional, Municipal Economy and Management Department, Ural State University of Economics.||23|
|ECONOMICS, ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT OF ORGANIZATIONS, BRANCHES, COMPLEXES|
|Zastupov A.V., Bulavko O.A.|
|CLUSTER APPROACH IN INNOVATION AND INVESTMENT DEVELOPMENT OF INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES|
|The issues of investment development of industrial enterprises are studied on the basis of identifying priority industries in the conditions of economic modernization. The authors consider the development problems of the investment industrial policy of the region. The advantages of the cluster approach to innovative and investment development of industrial enterprises are revealed.
Keywords: industrial policy, investment, innovation and investment development, cluster, region.
the key concepts of the industrial policy of the region, the innovative and investment development of the industrial complex are highlighted;
provisions to develop industrial clusters as a mechanism for investment development and building competitive advantages in the region`s economy are formulated;
the conclusions that the region`s investment policy is aimed at the formation and development of industrial clusters, modernization of industrial production, innovative development of enterprises are presented.
|Сведения:||Andrei V. Zastupov, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor; Olga A. Bulavko, Doctor of Economics, Professor - Samara State University of Economics.||30|
|Korableva O.N., Guseva M.I.|
|FORMATION OF APPROACHES TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF FORECASTING METHODOLOGY OF INNOVATION ACTIVITY|
|The authors analyze the existing forecasting methods of innovation activity, and reveal their advantages and disadvantages. The systematization of methods is carried out depending on the strategy of innovation development and objectives of innovation policy.
Keywords: innovation, forecasting methods, management, strategy, sources of innovation opportunities, innovation potential, economic development, type of innovation policy.
the progressive forecasting system is a basis for effective management of innovative development that makes it possible to use existing resources efficiently, to determine the priorities for introducing innovations, to analyze and timely identify sources of innovative opportunities;
to improve the accuracy of forecasting, it is necessary to use a set of qualitative and quantitative methods based on the analysis of existing and predicted changes, since all methods are complementary, each takes into account one or another feature of the innovation process and aims to solve certain problems;
methods have different ability to identify sources of innovative opportunities, which has a direct impact on the nature of innovation policy;
the distinctive feature of the leading innovation policy is the constant identification of innovative opportunities based on the analysis of a wide range of predicted changes, taking into account the cross-influences of innovation trends, the problems of interaction of participants in the economic system;
a combination of technological foresight and quantitative methods will ensure the creation of the system for forecasting innovations that allows identifying and shaping the trends of innovative development.
|Сведения:||Olga N. Korableva, Doctor of Economics, Professor, St. Petersburg National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, St. Petersburg State University; Margarita I. Guseva, a post-graduate student, St. Petersburg State University of Economics.||37|
|APPROACHES TO SUPPORT SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED INNOVATIVE BUSINESS IN THE REPUBLIC OF BASHKORTOSTAN |
|The problems of the insufficient development of small and medium-sized innovative entrepreneurship in the Republic of Bashkortostan are considered. It is proved that stimulating youth entrepreneurship is a necessary criterion for the development of innovative business.
Keywords: small and medium-sized business, youth innovative entrepreneurship, support measures.
preferences of the youth of the Republic of Bashkortostan from 18 to 35 years in the field of creating their own business;
priorities for the development of SMEs by types of activity are determined through the creation and implementation of innovations of different types in the opinion of experts;
the analysis of the Russian and international experience of support of youth innovative business is carried out;
approaches to support small and medium innovative business in the Republic of Bashkortostan are highlighted.
|Сведения:||Natalia V. Altufeva, an economist of the economic security sector of the Ufa Science Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences.||44|
|CONCEPTUAL SIMULATION OF STRATEGIC COMPETITIVENESS OF HUMAN CAPITAL|
|The article illustrates the conceptual modeling process of strategic competitiveness of human capital as a mechanism for achieving the most favorable interaction between the object and the subject of management in the context of strategic management. Three interrelated conceptual models of strategic competitiveness of human capital are presented and described.
Keywords: conceptual model, modeling, strategic competitiveness, social competitiveness, human capital.
conceptual modeling of the strategic competitiveness of human capital, which allows reducing the discrepancy between business development strategies and the formation of the competitiveness of human capital in the labor market, is presented in the form of the integrated three-level model;
the conceptual model of the competitiveness of human potential (the first level of the integrated model) reflects the main elements of the formation of the current competitiveness of human potential;
the conceptual model of the strategic competitiveness of human capital (2nd level of the integrated model) describes the process of the formation of intellectual and professional capital of the enterprise in the long term;
the conceptual model of the social competitive advantages of human capital (the third level of the integrated model) describes the process of shaping the social competitiveness of human capital.
|Сведения:||Irina V. Movile, Doctor of Economics, Associate Professor, Universitatea de stat “A. Russo”, Republic of Moldova.||52|
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