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Вестник самарского государственного экономического университета
Vestnik of Samara State University of Economics
2016 №5 (139)
REGIONAL ECONOMY
DEVELOPMENT OF TRANSPORT AND LOGISTICS INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE CONTEXT OF REGIONAL INTEGRATION (USING THE EXAMPLE OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN)
The article illustrates the role, importance and prospects of development of Kazakhstan transport and logistics infrastructure in modern conditions of regional integration, the contribution of the state to solve this problem. The article provides a comparative analysis of the efficiency of logistics development of Kazakhstan and countries of the Eurasian Economic Union. Key words: regional integration, transport and logistics infrastructure, efficiency of logistics.
Email:koychubayev_as@mail.ru, delta509@mail.ru
Сведения:Alexander S. Koychubaev, Candidate of Economics, Head of Management Department; Larisa V. Kuzmina, a senior lecturer - Shakarim State University of Semey, Kazakhstan.
6
SMALL TOWNS OF THE KRASNODAR REGION IN THE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE TERRITORY
The article represents small towns` distinctiveness, considers their economic, social role in the development of the surrounding rural areas, analyzes the inter-municipal cooperation between small towns and rural areas, and illustrates the necessity to expand the spheres of the inter-municipal cooperation.
Keywords: small town, activities of small towns, role of small towns, differentiation of small towns and rural areas, small town as the center of development, development of the surrounding areas, inter-municipal cooperation, economic, social, infrastructural and institutional relationships.
Email:vestnik_sgeu@mail.ru
Сведения:Tatyana G. Lavrova, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor of Kuban State University, Krasnodar.
14
ECONOMETRIC ASSESSMENT OF INVESTMENT ATTRACTIVENESS AS A BASIS FOR FORMATION OFCLUSTER INVESTMENT STRATEGY IN THE REGION
The article analyzes the theoretical and practical aspects of formation of the cluster investment strategy in the region. It is shown that this strategy can be developed only on the basis of the adequate assessment of investment attractiveness of the regional economy. The authors represent the possibilities of econometric modeling as an actual tool to identify the degree of statistical dependence of the level of investment territorial attractiveness on the most significant indicators of social and economic factors and on this basis to take reasoned investment decisions.
Keywords: econometric assessment, Investment attractiveness, cluster investment strategy in the region, the regional investment policy.
Email:elazareva@sfedu.ru, tuanopchenko@sfedu.ru
Сведения:Elena I. Lazareva, Doctor of Economics, Professor, Head of Innovation and In-ternational Management Department, Southern Federal UniversityTatiana Y. Anopchenko, Doctor of Economics, Professor, Dean of Management Faculty - Southern Federal University.
21
ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS OF TRANSPORT SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT IN THE REGIONAL ECONOMICS
The article illustrates the role of the transport system in the sustainable economic development of the territories, and defines its environmental problems. The transport system is presented as a territorial institution and it is shown its role in preserving the environment, improving the competitiveness of the Samara region in the world economy.
Keywords: ecology of transport system, sustainable development of the region, global economy, society, economic clusters, environmental capacity of transport systems, integrated transport rate of environment destabilization, polyhighway, land capacity, transport "greenhouse capacity" GRP, cargo capacity of the economy.
Email:vestnik_sgeu@mail.ru
Сведения:Vladimir A. Noskov, Doctor of Economics, Professor; Ivan V. Noskov, Candidate of Economics. -Samara State University of Economics
27
ECONOMICS, ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT OF ORGANIZATIONS, BRANCHES, COMPLEXES
SUSTAINABLE IMPORT SUBSTITUTION AS IMPERATIVE IMPLEMENTATION OF NEW MODEL OF THE RUSSIAN ECONOMY
The article illustrates the necessity to implement the management policy of import substitution in the framework of a new model of the Russian economy. The authors represent the comparative analysis results of foreign trade scale in Russia and leading countries. The authors analyze the structure of exports and imports over the period 2000 to 2014 based on the "pyramid of priority." Special attention is paid to the authors` interpretation of the concept of "rational import substitution", and to the rationalization of import substitution. The paper presents the review of the literature regarding the revealed topic, systematic approaches to the import arrangements, and the implementation criteria of import substitution policy.
Keywords: import substitution, economic sanctions, criteria for the rational import substitution, non-resource development, modernization processes, optimal use of resources, factor, external economic motivators, economic priority, promotion of the rational resources use.
Email:chernova.olga71@yandex.ru, klim-w11@rambler.ru
Сведения:Olga A. Chernova, Doctor of Economics, Professor of Information Economy Department; Vladimir V. Klimuk, a post-graduate student, a senior lecturer - Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don.
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DUPONT MODEL AND ITS APPLICATION FOR ASSESSMENT OF ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY IN LOGISTICS
The article illustrates one of the methodological approaches to the assessment of logistics contribution to the effectiveness of the company`s activities - Dupont model. It shows the way how optimization solutions in logistics effect the profitability changes of the company`s own capital using the model of strategic profits.
Keywords: logistics, Dupont model, economic efficiency.
Email:odinukova@yandex.ru
Сведения:Olesya A. Dinukova, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor. - Samara State University of Economics.
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DEVELOPMENT FACTORS OF GAS EXPORT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM OF RUSSIA
On the basis of empirical and statistical data the article reveals the internal and external development factors of the gas transportation system, and the extent of their influence. The authors offer such domestic factors as the increase of commercial reserves of natural gas, the capacity of pipelines, the environment, scientific and technological progress, the demand for gas by domestic consumers, the ratio of domestic and export prices for natural gas, the level of workers’ skills and state regulation of the export market. As external factors the authors highlight the political factor, the level of foreign investment, international energy security, the demand of importing countries, and the economic interests of the transit countries, and they also analyze the theory upon which the factors are based.
Keywords: gas transmission system, natural gas, sale of natural gas, transit of natural gas.
Email:kev@usue.ru.
Сведения:Eugine V. Kislitsyn, a senior lecturer, the Ural State University of Economics.
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PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF SMALL AND MEDIUM BUSINESSES IN THE FIELD OF TRANSPORT OF THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN (USING THE EXAMPLE OF PASSENGER TRANSPORT SERVICES)
In recent years, the structural changes have been observed in the economy of the Republic of Tajikistan. In particular, we could see the growing importance of certain types and areas of economic activity. There is a rapid dynamics growth of business entities of various forms and activities among the key trends of the modern stage of development. Transport plays a key role in the economy of any country, and the Republic of Tajikistan is no exception. The authors consider the main groups of development issues of small and medium enterprises in the sphere of passenger transport services of the Republic of Tajikistan.
Keywords: small and medium enterprises, the Republic of Tajikistan, transport, field of transport, passenger transport services, business conditions.
Email:pulaz@mail.ru, mhurshed_80@mail.ru
Сведения:Pulod Kh. Azimov, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor of Industrial Management Department; Hurshed D. Mirzobekov, a senior lecturer - Osimi Tajik Technical University, Dushanbe.
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FEATURES OF PRICING IN THE ORGANIC FOOD MARKET AND ASSESSMENT OF PRICE PERCEPTION USING PSM METHOD (Price Sensitivity Measurement)
The article illustrates the theoretical and methodological aspects of pricing with respect to the food market as a whole and to the organic food market in particular. It is revealed that food products have specific features of pricing, due to the seasonality of production and high costs that accompany the entire "food chain" in the marketing system. With regard to organic food products these costs are even higher. This price premium, in our opinion, is not only the compensation for incurred and future costs of the economic entity in organic food market but it is an illustration of intentions to get additional revenue in the growing market segment of the food market. The authors conduct the applied research: determine consumers` price sensitivity, develop cumulative cost curves of cream with 40% fat, obtained on the basis of the PSM standard method procedures. It is proposed to use, on the one hand, the state of the market regulation instruments to partially offset the costs of agricultural producers for organic food production. On the other hand, the authors consider it appropriate to use both pricing and marketing tools, such as the PSM method, which allows determining the psychological price perception, consumers` willingness to buy organic food at the estimated price.
Keywords: price, pricing, psychological price perception, consumer behavior, marketing, organic marketing, food market, organic food market.
Email:astratova@yahoo.com, f10786@olympus.ru, olgaru-arbitr@mail.ru
Сведения:Galina V. Astratova, Doctor of Economics, Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Director of the Institute of the Quality of Life - the Ural State Forestry University; Eugene E. Lagutina, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor. - The Ural State Pedagogical University; Olga A. Rushitskaya, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor, Head of Management and Economic Theory Department, Director of the Institute of Economics, Finance and Management. - The Ural State Agricultural University - Yekaterinburg city.
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ADAPTATION AND INTEGRATION OF SPECIFIC COMPONENTS IN CORPORATE INFORMATION SYSTEMS OF THE REGIONAL INSURANCE COMPANY
The article analyzes the issue of adaptation and integration of specific components in the corporate information system of the regional insurance company based on the methodology of object-structural modeling systems for collecting and processing of insurance accounting and analytical information.
Keywords: adaptation, integration, specific component, corporate information system, regional insurance company.
Email:berdanka@list.ru, sm4602@rambler.ru
Сведения:The article analyzes the issue of adaptation and integration of specific components in the corporate information system of the regional insurance company based on the methodology of object-structural modeling systems for collecting and processing of insurance accounting and analytical information. Keywords: adaptation, integration, specific component, corporate information system, regional insurance company.
67
INTERACTION ISSUES OF INSURANCE COMPANY WITH AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION
The authors analyze the current state of agricultural insurance in Russia and consider the interaction of insurance companies and agricultural producers. The authors conduct the risk modeling of crops cultivation in a particular region - in the Penza region.
Keywords: simulation, agricultural insurance, risk analysis, agriculture.
Email:ale-kindaev@yandex.ru
Сведения:Alexander Yu. Kindaev, a post-graduate student; Alexander V. Moiseev, Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Associate Professor. - Penza State Technological University.
72
APPLICATION PROBLEMS OF TAX HOLIDAYS FOR SMALL BUSINESS IN RUSSIA
The article illustrates the use of the tax incentives in the form of tax holidays for small business in the RF, and the conditions for the transition to a zero tax rate. Special attention is paid to the analysis of the dynamics use of the preferences by regions. The authors highlight the problems encountered by entrepreneurs in the use of these tax incentives, as well as the risks of the economy as a whole in providing these incentives, and the ways to solve them.
Keywords: tax holidays, small business, tax risks, individual entrepreneurs, simplified taxation system, the patent system of taxation.
Email:nalogi_audit@mail.ru.
Сведения:Dmitry V. Aseev, Candidate Of Sociology, a senior teacher; Nadezhda N. Gunko, a Master`s Degree student; Anna A. Startseva, a Master`s Degree student. - Samara State University of Economics
77
RISK IDENTIFICATION OF INNOVATIVE ACTIVITY OF INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION BASED ON THE BALANCED SYSTEM OF INDICATORS
The article identifies the risk factors of innovative activity of institutions of higher education; the authors suggest using the Balanced Scorecard as a tool to identify the innovative activity of higher education institutions. The article represents the risks structure of innovative activity of higher educational institutions in the Samara region.
Keywords: innovation, innovative activity, risks, management of risks, institutions of higher education.
Email:plaksina_irina@bk.ru, ashmarina@sseu.ru
Сведения:Irina A. Plaksina, a head of courses and grants management; Svetlana I. Ashmarina, Doctor of Economics, Professor, Vice-Chancellor for Research and International Relations, Head of Applied Management Department - Samara State University of Economics.
82
APPLICATION OF HUMAN CAPITAL MODEL IN STUDIES OF IN-TERNAL MIGRATION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
The article illustrates the common principles of the research model of the human capital with respect to internal migration in the Russian Federation. It reveals a statistically significant direct relationship between the level of income of the population in the Federal District and the magnitude of net migration in the district on the basis of RF data analysis for 2005-2014. The authors analyze the effect of migration on human capital investment.
Keywords: internal migration, human capital, economic development, migration laws.
Email:yd72@mail.ru, nail56@yandex.ru
Сведения:Dmitry V. Jurkov, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor. The Northern (Arctic) Federal University, Arkhangelsk; Nail G. Gabdullin, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor. Kazan (Volga) Federal University, Kazan.
90
STRATEGIC PROGRAMMING OF THE ACTUAL GROWTH RATE OF THE RUSSIAN ECONOMY: CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK AND EMPIRIC TESTING
The article reveals the issues of a new type and models development of economic growth, which reflect the impact of the aggregate production of a wide range of cyclical and structural variables on the actual dynamics. The intensity of reproduction processes is determined primarily by five macroparameters of the business environment: the rate of increase in consumer spending, business investment propensity for self-financing activities, the degree of availability of credit resources, as well as the investment activities of the state and economic entities-non-residents. Using the statistical data of Russia and the Republic of Tatarstan for 1999-2013 the author identifies the factors and constraints of economic growth in the respective economic systems, and makes recommendations on the strategy, design, content of economic measures to accelerate it.
Keywords: economic growth, economic dynamism, reproduction processes, neo-classical production function, model of economic growth, consumer spending, investment activity, loans, return on sales, interest rates, foreign direct investment.
Email:Svatoslav.Gusev@tatar.ru
Сведения:Svetoslav N. Gusev, Candidate of Economics, a senior lecturer. Kazan (Volga) Federal University.
99
ACCOUNTING, STATISTICS
THE VALUE OF INTEGRATION IN CERTAIN TYPES OF AUDIT TO IMPROVE THE CHECK OF FIGURES OF CONSOLIDATED TAXPAYER` S INCOME TAX
The article illustrates the role of accounting financial statements as an information base for decision-making on financial and economic activities of the organization, and its investment attractiveness. The author illustrates the necessity of the audit of the consolidated taxpayer’s income taxes, and the value of the audit risk when checking the consolidated financial statements, where the main element is a set of integration risk as the possibility of identifying misstatement of the consolidated financial statements. The article analyzes the features, function and integration of individual types of the consolidated taxpayer`s audit settlements. Special attention is paid in part to the integrated accounting system and the parallel accounting system as an information basis for the comprehensive audit. The author determines the integration of certain types of audit to improve the check of figures of the consolidated taxpayer`s income tax.
Keywords: audit, tax, income tax, income tax liabilities, consolidated taxpayer, financial, and tax auditing, integration, risks, holding structures.
Email:NikitaShamonin@yandex.ru
Сведения:Nikita N. Shamonin, a post-graduate student. Ogarev Mordovia State University.
116
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF MEDICAL CARE IN THE SAMARA REGION
The article illustrates the necessity to study the problems of medical care, including its quality. The authors represent the results of the statistical research of medical care in the Samara region on the basis of the proposed system of indicators, including an integral indicator. It gives an opportunity to carry out a comparative analysis of the regions in the Volga Federal District. The paper represents the information and methodical approach to find the internal saving sources and resources to develop the measures that can improve the quality of medical care and its accessibility for the general population.
Keywords: level of medical care, changes in the level of medical care, system of medical care performance, comparative analysis of the level of medical care in the regions.
Email:yurijchistik@yandex.ru
Сведения:Olga F. Chistik, Doctor of Economics, Professor. E-mail; Irina S. Mochalova, a Master` Degree student. - Samara State University of Economics.
122
REGIONAL ECONOMY
ECONOMICS, ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT OF ORGANIZATIONS, BRANCHES, COMPLEXES
ACCOUNTING, STATISTICS
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