|Вестник самарского государственного экономического университета
Vestnik of Samara State University of Economics
|2019 №1 (171)
|THEORY OF ECONOMICS |
|DIGITALIZATION AGAINST CORRUPTION: EMERGENCE OF E-CORRUPTION|
|The role of digitalization, e-government and electronic network public goods in reducing corruption is considered. High technologies and innovative methods of public administration in the aggregate give high results in the fight against embezzlement. At the same time, with the development of science and technology under economy digitalization, a favorable environment is created for the emergence of a new type of crime - e-corruption, which manifests in obtaining political rent through government orders, but also in intervention in government software. The transition to electronic data has a number of significant advantages. However, this process is increasingly becoming the target of intruders. Due to e-corruption, numerous cyber attacks at different software levels occur every day.
Keywords: public goods, e-government, e-government services, e-network public goods, digital economy, corruption, e-corruption.
effective public administration through the digital environment allows reducing the level of corruption, since the interaction of the population and civil servants is increasingly taking place through the electronic platform;
the process of economy digitalization has not only positive results, but also negative ones in the form of the emergence of a new form of corruption - e-corruption;
e-corruption is the abuse by state officials of their authority in working with high-level information systems and e-government.
|Сведения:||Dinara N. Mukhamadieva, a lecturer of Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.||9|
|ECONOMICS, ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT OF ORGANIZATIONS, BRANCHES, COMPLEXES|
|Taran E.A., Slesarenko E.V, Zhironkin S.A.|
|TO THE THEORY OF A MODERNIZED AND REGULATED STRUCTURAL SHIFT IN THE ECONOMY|
|At present, the problem of modernizing the Russian economy acquires a structural sense, defining its technological and socio-economic identity, setting long-term trends in the involvement of production factors, inter-sectoral overflow of investments. The search for models of structural transformation of the economy is driven by the need to identify the most effective combination of market self-regulation and government regulation in overcoming the de-industrial structural shift. To this end, the article discusses the relationship between modernization of the economy and a positive structural shift in it, starting with profound changes in the reproductive system. The views on the role of the state in ensuring the structural transformation of the economy, taking into account the growing importance of incentives for entrepreneurial activity in the newest technological sectors are systematized. It is concluded that it is necessary to integrate the regulation of the reproductive, sectoral and technological structures of the economy into a single set of structural policies designed to ensure a positive structural shift of the modernization type.
Keywords: modernization of the economy, structural shift, catching modernization, de-industrialization, structural policy, structural regulation.
the approaches to the study of regulated structural shifts were systemized, their modernization type was shown as a result of the systemic structural regulation of the economy;
the connection between the structural shift in the economy and its modernization, which consists in profound changes in the reproductive system on sectoral, social, innovative and technological proportions, was presented;
the possibility of combining innovation, sectoral, investment policy in a single complex of modernization structural policies was identified.
|Сведения:||Ekaterina A. Taran Ekaterina, a senior lecturer of Tomsk Polytechnic University; Ekaterina V. Slesarenko, a senior lecturer of T.F. Gorbachev Kuzbass State Technical University (KuzSTU); Sergey A. Zhironkin, Doctor of Economics, Professor of Siberian Federal University, Professor of Tomsk Polytechnic University.||14|
|Krivtsov A.I., Chistik O.F.|
|THE CONCEPTUAL APPROACH TO THE FORMATION OF INVESTMENT CLIMATE IN THE REGION|
|The urgency of the problem under research is due to the debatable nature of the categories “investment climate”, “investment attractiveness” and “in-vestment potential”. The author`s position on these debatable issues of the es-sential characteristics of the categories under consideration and the establish-ment of the relationship between them was substantiated. The purpose of the study is to formulate the author`s concept, revealing the essence of the catego-ries under consideration, and to form a system of private indicators of the re-gion`s investment attractiveness. The research methods are systematic and ana-lytical methods of quantitative and qualitative analysis. As a result, the dy-namics of investment indicators for the period from 2010 to 2016 were re-vealed. The importance of improving the investment climate and the region`s investment attractiveness in the formulation of the regional development strat-egy was determined. This makes it possible to ensure high rates of economic growth, the formation of a growing investment potential, an increase in com-petitiveness, the removal of social tensions and an increase in the standard of living of the population.
Keywords: investment process, investment activity, investment attrac-tiveness, investment climate.
the dynamics of the investment process indicators for the period 2010-2016 was analyzed;
the feasibility of applying marketing approaches for organizing the pro-duction and sale of selected products or product systems in selected market segments was identified and the need to substantiate the market concept of the region was established;
the essence and internal relations between the categories of “investment climate”, “investment attractiveness” and “investment potential” were substan-tiated;
the system of private indicators of investment attractiveness of the re-gion was formed;
the importance of improving the investment climate and investment at-tractiveness when developing a regional development strategy was determined.
|Email:|| email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Сведения:||Artem I. Krivtsov, Doctor of Economics, Professor; Olga F. Chistik, Doctor of Economics, Professor - Samara State University of Economics.||22|
|THE STATE AND DEVELOPMENT PROBLEMS OF AGRICULTURAL CREDIT CONSUMER COOPERATION IN RUSSIA|
|In the Russian financial services market, the activities of a significant part of institutions of financial intermediaries do not always meet the interests of representatives of the agricultural sector. The advantages of agricultural credit consumer cooperatives over commercial banks are in the non-commercial nature of their business: they are not aimed at maximizing profits, but at providing services to their shareholders on a mutually beneficial basis. However, the development of lending to agricultural producers at the present time is mainly reduced to the activities of leaders of the banking system - JSC “Rosselkhozbank” and PJSC “Sberbank of Russia”. Thus, the purpose of the study is to analyze the state of agricultural credit consumer cooperatives in retrospect years and at the present stage, to identify key provisions aimed at maximizing the use of its potential in lending to agricultural borrowers. Using the historical-logical method, methods of economic-statistical and comparative analysis the authors revealed the factors and risks that impede the intensification of agricultural credit consumer cooperation in modern Russia and developed recommendations that contribute to the formation of the effective financial and credit mechanism for its functioning.
Keywords: agricultural credit consumer cooperation, financial risk, state financing, control and supervision, mega-regulator, regulation.
a retrospective review of the periods of formation and development of agricultural credit consumer cooperation in Russia in the XIX-XXI centuries was conducted;
the factors that have a deterrent effect on the development of agricultural credit consumer cooperatives in Russia were grouped;
the current state of agricultural credit consumer cooperation was assessed;
the financial and economic regulators to increase the economic stability of agricultural credit consumer cooperatives were proposed.
|Сведения:||Alexandra S. Bobyleva, Doctor of Economics, Professor of Ulyanovsk State University.||30|
|LABOUR ECONOMY |
|Yakunina R.P., Bychkov G.A.|
|TO THE QUESTION ABOUT HUMAN CAPITAL INFLATION|
|The category of “human capital inflation”, which is proposed to under-stand the reduction in the value of human capital, is considered. The authors substantiated the quantitative assessment of human capital inflation, obtained by using a dynamic analysis of the human development index, developed and compiled by the United Nations Development Program. The human develop-ment index was calculated for 80 regions of the Russian Federation based on data from the Federal State Statistics Service. A quantitative assessment of human capital inflation was obtained based on the results of the calculation of the human development index. The authors revealed and considered the levels of human capital inflation: micro level, meso level, macro level and mega level.
Keywords: human capital, human development, human development in-dex, macro level, inflation, human capital inflation, human capital theory, knowledge economy, economic growth.
the methods of calculating the human development index were applied;
the author`s understanding of the category “human capital inflation” was presented and justified;
the levels of human capital inflation, where it is possible to analyze its reduction, were determined;
a quantitative assessment of human capital inflation was described.
|Сведения:||Regina P. Yakunina, a post-graduate student, an assistant at the Human Re-sources Management Department of the Institute of Management, Economics and Finance of Kazan (Volga) Federal University; Gleb A. Bychkov, a Master`s degree student, Gothenburg University of Sweden, a post-graduate student of Kazan (Volga) Federal Uni-versity.||40|
|FINANCE, CURRENCY CIRCULATION AND CREDIT |
|Mavricheva J.A., Bogomolov S.V.|
|EXPRESS DIAGNOSTICS OF BORROWED CAPITAL MAN-AGEMENT (USING THE EXAMPLE OF MECHANICAL ENGINEER-ING ENTERPRISES OF THE NIZHNI NOVGOROD REGION)|
|One of the most important tasks of managing the capital of the organiza-tion is to maximize the level of return on equity at a certain level of financial risk. The mechanism for solving this problem is to calculate the efficiency of borrowed capital, which is determined by an indicator called the “effect of fi-nancial leverage”. The proposed rapid diagnosis allows evaluating the efficien-cy of borrowed capital management. The enterprises of the Nizhny Novgorod region and their borrowed funds were analyzed. It is shown that in parallel with the calculation of the effect of financial leverage, it is necessary to calcu-late the financial risk.
Keywords: borrowed capital management, borrowed funds, effect of fi-nancial leverage, ratio of financial leverage, financial risk.
the calculation of the effect of financial leverage can be considered as an ex-press methodology for diagnosing the efficiency of borrowed capital man-agement;
this technique was applied to 16 enterprises of the Nizhny Novgorod re-gion (the industry - mechanical engineering);
half of the studied enterprises do not use paid borrowed capital, about 30% have a competent borrowing policy, the rest are recommended to make changes in the management of borrowed funds.
|Email:||email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org |
|Сведения:||Julia A. Mavricheva, Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Asso-ciate Professor; Sergey V. Bogomolov, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor - Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod.||46|
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