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Вестник самарского государственного экономического университета
Vestnik of Samara State University of Economics
2019 №6 (176)
REGIONAL ECONOMY
RESEARCH OF INTER-MARKET DISTURBANCES IN THE REGIONAL ECONOMY OF THE REPUBLIC OF TATARSTAN
The nalysis of the regional economic system of the Republic of Tatarstan is presented taking into account the influence of the innovation market and the information technology market on it. The analysis was carried out using a systemic functional multi-sectional model of the regional economy, the result of which was the discovery of inter-market disturbances that allowed a quantitative description of the existing inter-market interdependencies in the economy of the Republic of Tatarstan. The directions of practical activity in which it is expedient to use the results obtained in the study are described separately.
Keywords: inter-market disturbances, system functional multi-sectoral model of the regional economy, innovation market, information technology market. Highlights: the regional economic system is in constant interaction with the innovation and information technology markets; the interaction of traditional markets and innovation markets and information technology markets results in relevant inter-market segments; changing the parameters of inter-market segments of innovation and information technology markets leads to a change in the parameters of the functioning of traditional markets, which, in essence, is inter-market disturbance.
Email:garipova_e_n@list.ru, 576301@rambler.ru,
Сведения:Ekaterina N. Garipova, an assistant of the Department of General Management of the Institute of Management, Economics and Finance; Elena N. Kulik, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor; Larisa G. Nabiyeva, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor. - Kazan (Volga) Federal University.
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DIGITAL CODE OF DEVELOPMENT OF RUSSIAN REGIONS: IDENTIFICATION, MORPHOLOGY AND EVALUATION
The search for new sources of development of regions that are in dynamic economic conditions is relevant today. The authors believe that this problem can be solved by developing a code approach based on the idea that a region is a socio-economic territorial complex that has a multi-layer memory, on the basis of which the structure of the economic functioning of its society is reproduced, and also determines how its members interact and their connections. In the framework of this approach, the study presents the methodological features of the “dynamic” development codes of territories, their carriers, particular types of regional economies formed by these hereditary records. The authors concentrated their attention on the morphology of the digital “dynamic” code of economic development of the region, which now has a positive dynamic of change. The main elements analyzed are: the digitization code of production, the digitization code of the population, the digitization code of power. Digitization of society as a dynamic code for the development of the territory is, according to the authors, the potential of the region to integrate new digital processes. Therefore, for a region that has the potential for the development and deep penetration of the digital segment, these processes should be recorded in the territory`s memory in all the above codes simultaneously. The author’s methodological toolkit, developed based on the code-based methodology, allowed us to identify digitalization of the Russian territories and identify five groups of regions according to the level of society`s digitalization. The study made it possible to draw conclusions about the significant differentiation of the level of digitalization in various regions of Russia, as well as dynamic changes occurring in them. The study presents the author`s conclusions about the potential for the implementation of the state Strategy for the development of information society in various regions of the country and the possibility of ensuring the development of the digital economy in the Russian Federation not only in the federal center.
Keywords: region digitalization, "defining " and "dynamic " codes of regional development; multilayer memory of the region; digitalization of the population, digitalization of power, digitalization of production; region digital code evaluation. Highlights: a digital region code in the system of dynamic territory development codes was identified; the morphology of the digital code of development of the Russian regions was substantiated; a method for evaluating the digital code of Russian regions, reflecting the level of their digitalization, was presented and tested.
Email:jul_jul@inbox.ru, heleneo@mail.ru
Сведения:Yulia G. Myslyakova, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor of the Department of Marketing and International Management, Ural State University of Economics, a senior scientific worker of Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences; Elena A. Shamova, Candidate of Economics, a senior scientific worker of Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences - Yekaterinburg.
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ECONOMICS, ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT OF ORGANIZATIONS, BRANCHES, COMPLEXES
DEVELOPMENT OF RETAIL OF HIGH-TECH CONSUMER GOODS AND FORWARD SALES
Retail, being one of the largest sectors of the non-commodity economic sector, has a significant impact on general economic processes. In this industry, an approach is actively implemented that involves the parallel use of physical and digital channels, as well as modern sales techniques. In this regard, the purpose of the study is to analyze the development of the industry in terms of digitalization, the development of the algorithmic model of forward sales. The methodological basis of the study is the works of domestic and foreign scientists. The study is based on general scientific and special methods, including observation, generalization, synthesis, analysis, graphical and tabular representations. As a result, it has been established that modern world and domestic retail, according to generalized indicators, demonstrates a steady rise. In the segment of e-commerce, there has been a rapid growth in sales, including in the sector of high-tech products. One of the advanced tools of retail high-tech products is forward sales. In the course of the research, the algorithmic model of sales in the forward consumer market was developed, which allows formalizing the sales process and structuring the organizational work of retail. Practical implementation of this model implies procedural cyclicality - sales of goods from the current product line should be accompanied by continuous monitoring of consumer preferences and needs, the development and preparation for the release of a new product. The scientific novelty of research materials is the development of a functional model of forward sales, which can be used in the theory and practice of retail. In further studies it is supposed to study the issues of activities in the forward market and forward sales.
Keywords: development of the retail industry, online trading, the formation of the forward market, sales model, consumer high-tech products. Highlights: the trends in the development of modern retail of high-tech consumer goods were analyzed, the growing popularity of e-commerce and the advancing progress of e-commerce in the industry were revealed; the features of forward sales of high-tech consumer goods under digitalization were studied; the algorithmic model of sales in the forward consumer market was developed, which allows formalizing the sales process and structuring the organizational work of the retail industry operator.
Email:v_a_v_crimea@mail.ru
Сведения:Andrey V. Veretekhin, a senior lecturer at V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Simferopol.
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LABOUR ECONOMY
LABOR NORMALIZATION AS A FACTOR OF INCREASING LABOR PRODUCTIVITY
The issues of regulating labor in the enterprise are considered. Attention is paid to the analysis of the quality of labor input standards: the causes of the low quality of labor stand-ards in enterprises are examined. The calculation of quality indicators of labor standards at a Samara enterprise is presented as an example. The authors have developed: a system for moni-toring the quality of labor standards for certain types of work performed by specialists in labor valuation; algorithm for assessing the quality of norms; control mechanism of labor regulation at the enterprise.
Keywords: labor standards, labor regulation system, forms of labor regulation manage-ment, quality standards. Highlights: a system for regulating labor was formed as a factor in the growth of labor productivity in the digital economy; a system for monitoring the quality of labor standards for certain types of work per-formed by specialists in labor valuation was developed; a block diagram of the algorithm for assessing the quality of standards at enterprises was presented; a mechanism to regulate labor at the enterprise was developed; quality indicators of labor standards for a number of Samara mechanical engineering en-terprises were analyzed.
Email:vadimak@yandex.ru, scorpiony70@mail.ru, laresa@inbox.ru
Сведения:Vadim A. Shchekoldin, Candidate of Economics, Professor; Irina V. Bogatyreva, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor ; Larisa A. Ilyukhina, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor - Samara State University of Economics.
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ACCOUNTING, STATISTICS
TARGET-COSTING AS A COST OPTIMIZATION METHOD IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF BAKERY PRODUCTS
Under high competition, the financial success of the enterprise largely depends on the satisfaction of consumer demands regarding the quality of products and on the level of production costs. For the food industry, the issue of reducing costs without compromising product quality is most acute. The solution of this problem is possible due to the application of new approaches to the production accounting system accompanying the product at all stages of its life cycle. The aim of the study is to formulate theoretical positions and practical recommendations on the use of target costing in order to reduce production costs based on the achievement of an optimal level of costs. The study used the scientific concepts of various schools in the field of industrial accounting, systemic and dialectical approaches: analysis, synthesis, method of chronological analysis and graphical modeling, method, cost-based method, comparison, building models, expert method, etc. The theoretical and methodological provisions of optimizing production costs based on the use of target costing are considered. The stages of target costing developed by the author have practical significance and allow solving the problem of optimizing production costs at enterprises at the stage of developing new types of products.
Keywords: cost accounting, target costing, costing, optimization, self-cost of products. Highlights: the theoretical positions of the cost-costing to optimize the costs of the pre-production stage of manufacturing products are considered; the stages of target costing, which allows optimizing the indicators of production costs to the target level at the stage of developing a new type of product that provides the necessary level of profit and profitability were identified; the content of target costing at the enterprises of the baking industry were disclosed.
Email: permlyd@mail.ru
Сведения:Lyudmila V. Permitina, a post-graduate student of the National Research Ogarev Mordovia State University, Saransk.
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FINANCE, CURRENCY CIRCULATION AND CREDIT
TARGET-COSTING AS A COST OPTIMIZATION METHOD IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF BAKERY PRODUCTS
The author presents the scientific point of view on the fundamental elements of budget planning in the Russian Federation. The study describes the essence, principles, methods of budget planning with the release of a new, exceptionally significant budget planning method -the method of co-financing under limited financial resources in the state. The author`s model of management of the Russian budget system has been developed, which reflects the logical interrelation and the composition of control elements defining the place of budget planning as an instrument of the budget mechanism.
Keywords: budget mechanism, budget planning, principles, methods, budget resources, co-financing, sources. Highlights: a model for managing the budget system of the Russian Federation was developed; the scientific basis of budget planning was revealed and a new method of co-financing was defined; the scheme of sources of self-financing was formed.
Email:fikr@bk.ru
Сведения:Tatyana M. Kovaleva, Doctor of Economics, Professor, head of the Department of Finance and Credit, Samara State University of Economics.
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REGIONAL ECONOMY
ECONOMICS, ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT OF ORGANIZATIONS, BRANCHES, COMPLEXES
LABOUR ECONOMY
ACCOUNTING, STATISTICS
FINANCE, CURRENCY CIRCULATION AND CREDIT
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