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Вестник самарского государственного экономического университета
Vestnik of Samara State University of Economics
2017 №1 (147)
THEORY OF ECONOMICS
CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT ECONOMY AS THE BASIS FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH
To get the sustainable economic growth of the Russian economy, it is required to have appropriate institutional, political and external economic conditions. It is also necessary to have the capital-development economic sector with some potential, which will be able to disburse increasing investments in fixed capital, turning them into capital products needed. There is a question, if the capital-development sector of the Russian economy is ready for growth. The authors analyze the capital-development sector of the Russian economy and form requirements for this sector as necessary conditions for the sustainable economic growth.
Keywords: economic growth, capital-development sector of the Russian economy, macroeconomic model, scenario study.
Email:rector@sseu.ru, tva82@yandex.ru
Сведения:Gabibulla R. Khasaev, Doctor of Economics, Professor; Vladimir A. Tsybatov, Doctor of Economics, Professor - Samara State University of Economics.
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DEFINITION ISSUES OF REFLECTIVE EQUILIBRIUM IN THE OLIGOPOLY MARKET
The article represents the issues defining equilibrium in the oligopoly market in terms of the asymmetry awareness with Stackelberg leader (leaders) taking into account the reflexive behavior of market agents with coincidence of ranks reflection. The relevance of the study is defined, firstly, by the significant role of the oligopoly in the global energy market; secondly, by the significant influence of the reflexive behavior of market agents on the emerging balance. The objectives of the study are the development of game-theoretic models of the oligopoly market based on reflection and development of mechanisms to establish equilibrium taking into account different reflexive ideas of agents. The study is based on the methods of economic-mathematical modeling, optimization method, methods of game theory. The results of the study include, firstly, models of reflexive games in the oligopoly market, taking into account the diversity of agents’ ideas about the environment policies; secondly, the establishment of balance mechanisms in case of the coincidence or opposition of agents’ reflexive ideas about the same rank reflection. The significance of the results is justified by the fact that in terms of low ranks reflection, the reflexive behavior of agents can significantly increase market niches and profit, and in high ranks reflection such behavior does not lead to significant advantages in comparison with the absence of reflection.
Keywords: oligopoly, Stackelberg leader, reflective game, Nash equilibrium.
Email:innovation@ssau.ru
Сведения:Mikhail I. Geras`kin, Doctor of Economics, Professor, Head of Mathematical Methods in Economics Department, Samara National Research University.
17
WORLD ECONOMY
METHODS OF OPTIMIZATION OF EURASIAN INTEGRATION
The analysis of patterns and trends of industrial cooperation of the Eurasian Economic Union (hereinafter - EEU, the Union) identifies the key issues in the sphere of innovation, the importance transformation of the industrial development through the application of technology and innovations, and highlights the priority sectors of the industry with a high potential for the implementation of joint projects and the use of innovative technologies.
Keywords: Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), industrial development, innovation development, structure and dynamics of exports and imports, import substitution.
Email:swetiva@mail.ru
Сведения:Svetlana A. Ivanova, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor. Finance and Economics Institute, Tyumen State University.
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STRUCTURAL AND DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF BIOCORPORATIONS PREDOMINANT IN THE WORLD
The article analyzes the structure of the 15 largest biocorporations in the world, describes the main areas of their activity, changes in the most important indicator of capitalization, the dynamics of the stock index NASDAQ Biotechnology Index. The author represents the data on R & D investments and their effectiveness. It is shown that the dominant biocorporations belong to Biopharmaceutics and biomedicine; they have a wide and narrow specialization; are characterized by high capitalization, actively use innovative strategy of alliances, partnerships and acquisitions; are characterized by large and effective investments in research and development activities; have offices and scientific research and educational base in Russia, where they localize their production recently.
Keywords: biotechnology, bioeconomy, structure of the activities, dynamics of the development.
Email:sidorov120559@yandex.ru
Сведения:Aleksander A. Sidorov, Doctor of Biology, Professor. Samara State University of Economics.
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REGIONAL ECONOMY
SOCIAL POLITICS AS A FACTOR IN THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE REGION
The task of the article is to identify the problems in the social sphere of the region, as well as to search for the best tools of the regional social policy in terms of economic instability using the example of the Nizhniy Novgorod region. The analysis of a number of indicators in the socio-economic development of the Nizhny Novgorod region shows the presence of negative trends caused by the reduction of financing in the social sphere, as well as the lack of involvement of businesses in solving social problems. The expert survey revealed key problems in the social sphere of the Nizhny Novgorod region: low living standards, a high social burden on the regional budget and a negative population growth. While solving these problems, it is proposed to use opportunities of the social and public-private partnership as much as possible that will not only reduce social tensions and create conditions for the improvement of living standards of the population, but also ensure a reduction of the social burden on the regional budget.
Keywords: social policy, region, standard of living, purchasing power, public-private partnership, social partnership.
Email:to-52@fas.gov.ru, nsirotkina@hse.ru
Сведения:Aleksey V. Sidorenko, an expert of the anti-monopoly control and fight against cartels of Nizhny Novgorod department of the Federal Antimonopoly Service in the Nizhny Novgorod region; Nadezhda G. Sirotkina, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor. National Research University “Higher School of Economics.”
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FOOD SECURITY IN THE REGIONS OF RUSSIA
The national security of the state and quality of life largely depends on the level of food security, which non-sufficient provision could lead to serious social and political consequences. The urgency of the economic and geographical research of food safety problems increases as a result of a complicating political and economic situation in Russia in 2014-2015, a sanctions pressure, a rise in prices for food products and reduction of the purchasing power of the population. To provide national security of Russia it is necessary to ensure minimum food needs of the population through the development of the internal market and agricultural sectors.
Keywords: food security, economic accessibility, physical accessibility, food quality and safety, integrated index of food security.
Email:R-u-f@list.ru
Сведения:Ruslan V. Filippov, a junior research scientist, V. B. Sochava Institute of Geography SB RAS, Irkutsk, Russia.
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HEALTH AND PRIORITIES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SOCIO-ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC SYSTEM OF THE REGION: EXPERT OPINION
The category “health” is analyzed from the standpoint of sustainable development of the socio-ecological and economic system. In order to study the key socio-ecological and economic priorities, the author identifies factors that influence health and determine the target setting of the population on the basis of an expert assessment. It is proved that to improve the performance of both public and personal health (increase in average life expectancy, reducing morbidity, disability and mortality, improvement of the physical development level, etc.) is necessary to adopt a set of measures to ensure the economic stability and social protection of the population, to improve the quality of care and to reduce the anthropogenic impact on the environment.
Keywords: public health, sustainable development, socio- ecological and economic system, expert estimation, economic growth.
Email:selivan_anna@mail.ru
Сведения:Anna Yu. Semenova, an assistant. Kerch State Maritime Technological University.
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ECONOMICS, ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT OF ORGANIZATIONS, BRANCHES, COMPLEXES
THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE TOURISM RESEARCH AND INFORMATION SYSTEM BASED ON THE UNIVERSITY
The authors suggest using a model of the scientific information system of the student tourism development on the basis of Samara State University of Economics. They consider the problems and trends in the development of student tourism in the Russian Federation on the basis of universities, and present the best regional practices in the field of student tourism.
Keywords: tourism, model, scientific and tourist information system, student and youth tourism, Samara State University of Economics, tourist club, expedition, "Students` Road Show".
Email:polynskova@mail.ru, kristina18895@gmail.com
Сведения:Natalia V. Polyanskova, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor; Christina D. Grigorieva, a student - Samara State University of Economics.
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ACCOUNTING, STATISTICS
STATISTICAL PREDICTION OF THE RUSSIAN ECONOMIC GROWTH
The purpose of the study is to model and predict the growth of the Russian Federation on the basis of the modified model Cobb - Douglas developed by the authors. The findings, which were obtained in the study, reflect the impact of certain factors on the GDP taking into account the time lags. The authors calculate the predicted values of Russia`s GDP, estimate confidence intervals. Russia`s economic growth is achieved extensively due to attraction of additional investments, as evidenced by the model and the correlation value of the factor of investments in fixed assets and wages.
Keywords: economic growth, growth factors, correlation analysis, regression analysis, modeling, forecasting.
Email:v.p.o.s.t.v@mail.ru, straberi@mail.ru
Сведения:Vladimir P. Postnikov, a senior teacher; Victoria V. Kylosova, an external PhD student. Perm National Research Polytechnic University.
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A STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF INTERREGIONAL DIFFERENCES IN THE INSURANCE MARKET OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
The article represents the analysis of the insurance market structure by federal districts and a multidimensional classification of regions in terms of the insurance market development with the use of cluster analysis methods.
Keywords: insurance market, structural differences, multidimensional classification, cluster analysis.
Email:bakanach@mail.ru, anastasija-2010@mail.ru
Сведения:Olga V. Bakanach, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor; Anastasia V. Ermolaeva, A Master`s Degree student - Samara State University of Economics.
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THE CONCEPT AND COMPOSITION OF INTANGIBLE ASSETS AS ACCOUNTING OBJECTS
The article analyzes the theoretical position of the accounting of intangible assets. The author represents the criteria for classifying accounting to intangible assets. The article examines in detail the concept of “intangible asset”, identifies the main reasons for the underestimation of intangible assets. The article illustrates the author`s view of the scientific and methodological support of accounting of intangible assets` income and assessment.
Keywords: intangible assets, accounting, international financial reporting standards, intangibility, assessment.
Email:devil2615@mail.ru
Сведения:Tatiana E. Larina, a post-graduate student. Tomsk Polytechnic University.
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LABOUR ECONOMY
ANALYSIS OF INVESTMENTS IN HUMAN CAPITAL IN SOME INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND THE CZECK REPUBLIC
This article analyzes investments in human capital. The theoretical part describes the concept of human capital, as well as reveals aspects of the capital measurement. The practical part presents the results of research in the field of the investment analysis in human capital, which was carried out in Samara State University of Economics (SSEU) and The Institute of Technology and Business in Ceske Budejovice (Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic).
Keywords: human capital, education, health.
Email:kmecova@mail.vstecb.cz
Сведения:Kmecová Iveta, Professor of Institute of Technology and Business, Ceske Budejovice (Czech Republic).
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FINANCE, CURRENCY CIRCULATION AND CREDIT
THE SYSTEMATIC APPROACH TO THE ANALYSIS OF DEMAND FOR THE BANK CREDIT
Based on the analysis of certain key market indicators of banks` products for individuals the author describes a mathematical model of the dynamics in the formation of commodity demand in view of bank lending. The conducted study reveals a group of factors that influence the demand of natural persons for bank credits. By means of the systematic approach the author has built supply and demand functions including bank credits.
Keywords: credit, credit policy, commodity demand modeling, simulation of credit policy of commercial banks.
Email:smirskaya@mail.ru
Сведения:Svetlana Yu. Mirskaya, Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Associate Professor, Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don.
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REVIEW
ECOLOGY FOR ECONOMISTS.
REVIEW TO TRAINING MANUAL, written by G. S. Rosenberg, F. N. Ryanskiy, N. V. Lazareva, S. V. Saksonov, Y. V. Simonov, G. R. Khasaev “GENERAL AND APPLIED ECOLOGY”
Email:vestnik@sseu.ru
Сведения:Usmanov I. Y. Chief research scientist of research laboratory of geo-ecological research, Nizhnevartovsk State University, Doctor of Biology, Professor; Kurilova A. A. Head of Finance and Credit Department, Togliatti State University, Doctor of Economics, Associate Professor.
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THEORY OF ECONOMICS
WORLD ECONOMY
REGIONAL ECONOMY
ECONOMICS, ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT OF ORGANIZATIONS, BRANCHES, COMPLEXES
ACCOUNTING, STATISTICS
LABOUR ECONOMY
FINANCE, CURRENCY CIRCULATION AND CREDIT
REVIEW
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