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Вестник самарского государственного экономического университета
Vestnik of Samara State University of Economics
2019 №12 (182)
WORLD ECONOMY
DEVELOPMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY MODEL OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
The study is devoted to ensuring environmental safety and preserving the natural potential for future generations. As part of the study, it was revealed that in the Russian Federation there are no significant indicators of reducing the negative impact of industrial production on the environment. As a result of the scientific work carried out, a model for ensuring environmental safety was proposed, which includes monitoring factors such as innovative development, resource and raw material use, the technical condition of fixed assets and the volume of pollutant emissions.
Keywords: national economy, government programs, environmental safety, environmental protection, pollutant emissions. Highlights: in the Russian Federation there is no qualitative and quantitative transition to energy-saving and energy-efficient technologies, which affects the environmental safety of the country; the implementation of state programs in the field of environmental protection does not ensure the transition of industrial enterprises to environmentally friendly technologies; achieving environmental safety is possible by managing a set of factors affecting the environment and the rational use of natural resources.
Email:11117899@mail.ru.
Сведения:Arthur A. Gibadullin, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor, Department of Economics and Management, Fuel and Energy Complex, State University of Management, Moscow.
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REGIONAL ECONOMY
ENERGY STRATEGIES OF MUNICIPAL REGIONS OF THE SUBJECT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
The essence of the energy strategy of the municipality is disclosed; a technique is presented that allows performing a typological characteristic of energy strategies of municipalities of the subject of the Russian Federation. According to the results of applying the methodology, promis-ing energy technologies are positioned in energy strategies of urban districts and municipal re-gions of the Samara region.
Keywords: region, energy strategy, municipality, strategic planning, fuel and energy com-plex, innovation. Highlights: the energy strategy of a municipality refers to the set of priorities, goals, objectives, soft-ware and project tools for the long-term development of the municipal energy sector presented in the municipal strategy; in the context of restriction of the fuel and energy complex by environmental and social standards, the sustainable development of the municipality can be achieved only through the in-novative technological component, which implies an increase in the energy efficiency of the mu-nicipal energy sector; the introduction of advanced energy technologies involves the regional innovation infra-structure development located on the territory of municipalities that are part of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation; the strategic development priorities of the regional and municipal levels determine the need for reorientation of energy policy towards innovative development, which involves the use of new tools as part of effective management tools of the innovative development of the regional socio-economic system.
Email:korol388@mail.ru
Сведения:Elena N. Koroleva, Doctor of Economics, Professor of Samara State University of Economics.
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FUNCTIONAL EVALUATION OF THE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM OF INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES IN THE URAL REGION
The relevance of this study is due to the fact that under current economic conditions it is becoming increasingly difficult for Russian industrial enterprises to maintain a stable functioning position and ensure competitiveness. The author believes that the enterprise management system plays an important role here, which should generate managerial decisions that affect the economic, financial, investment, personnel, image, technological and other competitive advantages of the enterprise, thereby making it responsible for the integrated well-being of the enterprise. Therefore, the subject of the study was the functional consistency of the enterprise’s management, and the goal was to identify the characteristics of the managerial model responsible for the emergence of economic, innovative, social, economic and financial consistency at the enterprise. The indicators of consistency are compatibility, sustainability and socio-ecological and economic effectiveness of managerial decisions provided that the functional model of enterprise management has a balance of goals, functions and results. In addition, using the example of leading defense enterprises of the Ural region, a methodology for assessing the level of functional consistency of a management system using the method of expert evaluations, as well as the Pareto principle for substantiating threshold estimates, has been developed and tested. As a result of the study, it was found that the existing management systems of defense enterprises of the Urals are able to cope with short-term social, environmental and economic problems, but cannot ensure the market, innovative, social, economic and financial well-being of industrialists in the long-term assessment period.
Keywords: consistency of the management system, functional model of management, integrated well-being, managerial consistency, assessment methodology, industrial enterprises. Highlights: the features of the functional model of the enterprise’s management system are clarified, forming his status of managerial consistency; the author’s methodology for assessing the level of functional consistency of the industrial enterprise management system was developed; methodological recommendations of this assessment were tested using the example of industrial enterprises of the Ural region.
Email:elenanadeina@yandex.ru
Сведения:Elena A. Nadeina Elena, a post-graduate student of Ural State University of Economics, Yekaterinburg.
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PERSPECTIVE DEVELOPMENT TRENDS OF CONSUMER SERVICES OF THE REGIONAL ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT MARKET
Electricity as one of the key areas of the economy has a comprehensive impact on other activities, especially industry, science-intensive and manufacturing industries. In this area, a number of regulatory documents are being implemented that emphasize the connection with national security and the strategic development of the state. High dependence on the import of electrical equipment is a significant deterrent to the growth of the industry, negatively affects the structural problems of the regional industry. Overcoming the dependence on foreign supplies actualizes the use of digital technologies in the energy sector, contributes to the development of domestic production, but the quality of products does not meet the requirements of the industry. Regional features of provided services indicate the need for new regulatory mechanisms and adaptation of management systems to customer requirements. The purpose of the study is to develop a model of import substitution in the electrical equipment market at the regional level. We used an analysis of statistics, an expert-analytical method, modeling of socio-economic processes in the field of electric power and development of the electric equipment market at the regional level. Indicators of the state of the electrical equipment market in the country, market leaders and the composition of manufactured products that are in demand in the regions are considered. The level of demand in the electric power industry, the main factors of influence and development trends depending on the state of the economy and basic industries are analyzed. The problems of regional markets for electrical equipment are identified and measures to address them are proposed.
Keywords: electric equipment market, electric power development strategy, electric equipment, import, audit, import substitution model, regional markets. Highlights: the features of relations in the field of energy security development of the country and the structure of the market for the production of electrical equipment were considered; the demand for electricity through a single energy system, and limiting factors in the electric power industry development, including dependence on imports were considered; main development trends of the electric equipment market were described, which correspond to the needs of enterprises and the country`s population; electricity consumption indicators, production volumes of electric equipment in Russia, as well as industrial production indices that characterize market development trends were analyzed; the state of regional markets for electrical equipment was disclosed and promising directions for their development were proposed.
Email:recreachin@rambler.ru
Сведения:Matvey S. Oborin, Doctor of Economics, Professor, Department of Economic Analysis and Statistics, Perm Institute (Branch), Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Professor, Department of World and Regional Economics, Economic Theory, Perm State National Research University, Professor, Management Department, Perm State Agrarian and Technological University named after Academician D.N. Pryanishnikov, Professor, Department of Management and Technology in Tourism and Service, Sochi State University.
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REFORM OF THE MANAGEMENT MODEL OF SAMARA-TOLYATTIN AGLOMERATION
Samara-Tolyatti agglomeration (STA) concentrates 86% of the population and more than 80% of the production potential of the Samara region, which determines its most important value in the socio-economic development of the region. Agglomeration effects in interactions of the population, enterprises and municipalities allow Samara-Togliatti agglomeration to develop dynamically. However, an increase in the concentration of resources leads to specific problems that impede the development of this agglomeration. To maintain the agglomeration effect and reduce the effects of deconservation, an effective management system is required. Based on the results of the study, it is proposed to reorganize the existing contractual management model of Samara-Togliatti agglomeration: to supplement the management model of the Inter-municipal project office, the Regional agglomeration fund to stimulate inter-municipal cooperation, the General meeting of agglomeration participants. These transformations will strengthen inter-municipal cooperation and create mechanisms for the study and solution of specific highly specialized agglomeration problems. The study may be useful for other Russian agglomerations.
Keywords: urban agglomeration, strategic analysis of development, management model, agglomeration management system. Highlights: a strategic analysis of STA development prospects allowed us to identify its bottlenecks and threats, to assess the benefits and agglomeration problems; the existing management model of Samara-Togliatti agglomeration has several disadvantages: underdevelopment of inter-municipal cooperation, lack of an executive body in the agglomeration development management structure, lack of a mechanism for solving agglomeration problems, etc. In addition, there is doubt about the compliance of the existing model with the requirements of Russian law; it is proposed to create an Inter-municipal project office as a constantly operating management body that provides assistance in solving specific agglomeration problems; it is proposed to create a Regional agglomeration fund to stimulate inter-municipal cooperation. The financial incentives for the implementation of agglomeration projects can increase the interest of local government in agglomeration; It is proposed to create a General meeting of agglomeration participants. The creation of this body is necessary to comply with Russian law.
Email:tva82@yandex.ru, pavlov-mlad@mail.ru, bortnikov@yandex.ru
Сведения:Vladimir A. Tsybatov, Doctor of Economics, Professor of the Department of Regional Economics and Management; Yuri V. Pavlov, a senior lecturer, Department of Regional Economics and Management; Sergey P. Bortnikov, Doctor of Law, Director of the Institute of Law - Samara State University of Economics.
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ECONOMICS, ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT OF ORGANIZATIONS, BRANCHES, COMPLEXES
ANALYSIS OF DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION ON REMUNERATIONS OF EMPLOYEES OF OIL AND GAS BUSINESS STRUCTURES IN ENSURING ECONOMIC SECURITY
The main social resource and the factor for continuous activity of any company are its employees. The formation of a comfortable psychological climate in the workforce is necessary to ensure economic security of oil and gas business structures, which protects enterprises from numerous external and internal threats. The long-term development program for large oil and gas business structures is always aimed at increasing the efficiency of their economic security systems in order to realize the continuity of production functioning. One of the key priorities of the economic entity in the long term is to reduce the impact on its economic security from various risks and threats associated with employees of the enterprise. The study is to consider annual reports of a number of the largest Russian oil and gas business structures on employee benefits in order to strengthen economic security and the concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR).
Keywords: ensuring economic security, employee benefits, annual report, international financial reporting standards (IFRS). Highlights: conceptual foundations of corporate social policy of various oil and gas business structures (PJSC Rosneft Oil Company, PJSC Gazprom, PJSC Lukoil) were compared; the application of international standards monitoring accounting and control of employee benefits in oil and gas business structures and affecting economic security were studied; existing approaches to disclosing information about systems and types of remuneration to employees of oil and gas business structures were systematized, formats for disclosing information in annual reports on remuneration paid to employees of oil and gas business structures were analyzed, and recommendations for optimizing the disclosure of such information in order to strengthen the corporate image of the business entity in the context of ensuring economic security were made.
Email:korneeva2004@bk.ru
Сведения:Natalya A. Arkhipova, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor; Tatyana A. Korneeva, Doctor of Economics, Professor; Irina A. Svetkina, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor; Vladimir P. Fomin, Doctor of Economics, Professor. - Samara State University of Economics.
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EVALUATION CRITERIA FOR INTEGRATING SCIENTIFIC INSTITUTIONS IN THE NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM
The system for evaluating the performance of scientific institutions and universities in Russia began in the early 2000s and it is currently in the process of formation. The search for the most rational evaluation criteria for the scientific process is one of the questions, the solution of which will allow us to assess the real situation in the subsystem of knowledge generation in the national innovation system of Russia. The purpose of the study is to develop evaluation criteria to integrate scientific institutions in the national innovation system. To evaluate existing evaluation approaches to scientific institutions, a comparative analysis was carried out. Using system analysis, the main elements of the national innovation system that interact with scientific institutions at various stages of the innovation process are identified. Based on the analytical assessment of the links between the elements of the national innovation system and scientific institutions according to the proposed criteria, recommendations have been developed to strengthen the integration of the subjects in question. For each stage of the innovation process in the scientific institution, it is proposed to use separate criteria: at the stage of “research and development” - the share of research and development work with the terms of reference, subjected to examination by representatives of industry and innovation; at the stage of “expertise” - the proportion of research and development work, the results of which are presented at conferences and published articles in peer-reviewed scientific journals; at the stage of “disclosure”, the share of research and development activities, the results of which went through the disclosure procedure and received legal protection; at the stage of “commercialization” - the share of protected results of intellectual activity used to create business entities, to implement licenses or to carry out supporting research and development work.
Keywords: research institutions, integration, national innovation system, performance evaluation, innovation, research and development, commercialization, research and development, the result of intellectual activity. Highlights: the results of a comparative analysis of existing evaluation approaches to the performance of scientific institutions were presented; evaluation criteria to integrate scientific institutions in the national innovation system was developed; recommendations to strengthen the integration of scientific institutions in the national innovation system were proposed; the subsystems and elements of the national innovation system were identified, which are to increase the performance of innovative activities of scientific institutions.
Email:forest1641@gmail.com, gavrilykes@gmail.com
Сведения:Daniil S. Burtsev, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, a lecturer; Elena S. Gavrilyuk, Candidate of Economic, Associate Professor - National Research University ITMO, St. Petersburg.
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ON THE ISSUE OF URGENT, INCREASING AND FALLING RISKS OF ENTREPRENEURIAL ACTIVITY
A hypothesis about the high dynamism of the level of influence of entrepreneurial risks was considered. For research purposes, the following areas of entrepreneurial activity have been identified: production of automobile transport; construction; heavy industry; infrastructure; mining industry; industry; retail; technological entrepreneurship; transport and logistics. Based on the classical idea of external and internal sources of risk, such areas of the emergence of business risks as profitability and liquidity were established; technology; operational efficiency; strategy; compliance with requirements; human capital; height; reputation and ethics; labor protection, industrial safety and environmental policy; compliance risks. As a result, all risks were grouped according to the criteria of reducing and increasing their significance and impact stability. This grouping forms the basis for developing risk management models for diversified entrepreneurial structures, which will become the object of further research by the authors.
Keywords: risk management, entrepreneurial risks, significance level of entrepreneurial risk. Highlights: a hypothesis about a high rate of changes in the impact of entrepreneurial risks on the performance of business structures was emphasized; nine most significant areas of risks of entrepreneurial activity in various industries were identified; the nature of risks for each selected area in such sectors as automobile transport, construction, heavy industry, infrastructure, mining industry, retail, technological entrepreneurship, transport and logistics was described; risks were grouped into three groups: risks with decreasing impact; risks with increasing impact; risks that have a stable impact on activities of business entities.
Email:vestnik_sgeu@mail.ru
Сведения:Adelis V. Pavlova, Doctor of Economics, Associate Professor; Svetlana I. Ashmarina, Doctor of Economics, Professor. - Samara State University of Economics.
67
STRUCTURAL TRANSFORMATIONS IN STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT OF HUMAN RESOURCES
Theoretical approaches to strategic management of human resources are considered, taking into account the need to improve the system of public management of human resources of socio-economic systems under the influence of external and internal environment. The place and role of structural transformations in strategic management with their allocation as the dominant element in strategic management are determined.
Keywords: system, management, structural transformations, human resources, strategic management, labor management. Highlights: in the practice of human resource management there is a strong mutual influence of strategic management and its structure; while improving management systems, it should be borne in mind that structural transformations, according to certain criteria, are specific management technology as a regulated set and sequence of actions aimed at a predetermined (predicted) result.
Email:surap99@mail.ru, oudalov@list.ru, airick73@bk.ru
Сведения:Valery P. Smolkin, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor of Ulyanovsk State University; Oleg F. Udalov, Doctor of Economics, Professor of Nizhny Novgorod State University named after N.I. Lobachevsky; Ayrat M. Izmailov, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor of Samara State University of Economics.
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PROVISION OF HALAL SERVICES AT THE HOTEL: FEATURES OF THE RUSSIAN MARKET
The practice of providing halal services in the global hospitality industry and in tourism is developing rapidly. Crescent Rating, a leading organization in the field of halal tourism, notes an annual increase in the number of halal travelers in the world and an increase in the reservation of online halal tours. One of the components of halal tourism is the availability of halal services in hotels. There are differences in the provision of halal services by hotels depending on their territorial affiliation and local culture. In the Russian Federation, a limited number of hotels offer halal services. The purpose of this study is to analyze the provision of halal services in Russian hotels. Research methods include a review of the scientific literature, analysis of web resources of Russian hotels providing halal services, and conducting semi-structured interviews with experts in the field of halal tourism and hospitality. The results of the study led to conclusions about the features of the provision of halal services in Russian realities.
Keywords: halal, halal services, halal hotel, halal tourism, hospitality industry. Highlights: existing approaches to the definition of halal in hospitality and tourism industry were considered; halal services of hotels allocated in the academic literature were systematized; the features of own media to convey information about halal services used by Russian hotels were identified; the range of halal services provided by hotels were determined.
Email:ashnyrkova@hse.ru.
Сведения:Anna S. Shnyrkova, an assistant of the Department of General and Strategic Management of Higher School of Economics, Moscow.
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PROBLEMS OF REPUTATION RISK ANALYSIS IN ENTREPRENEURIAL ACTIVITY
The urgency of the problem of monitoring and managing reputation risk is due to the simultaneously increasing importance of public opinion in the context of digital media development, the complexity of assessing corporate reputation and its high degree of vulnerability. Over the past few years, technologies for monitoring reputation have been actively developing, which allow us to monitor changes in the information field regarding the perception of the company and its brand. The purpose of the study is to study modern approaches to assess reputation risk and problematic aspects of the qualitative and quantitative analysis of this type of risk. Systematization of the results of foreign and domestic studies made it possible to identify the main problems and determine the components of reputation risk analysis.
Keywords: reputation, risk, risk analysis, business value, social media, entrepreneurship. Highlights: approaches to assess reputation risk used in international and Russian practice were identified; a three-part model for the reputation risk analysis ws proposed; marketing aspects of reputation risk analysis were considered.
Email:rinadoo@yahoo.com, apzhabin@yandex.ru, vestnik_sgeu@mail.ru, vev.sseu@gmail.com
Сведения:Irina V. Yakhneeva, Doctor of Economics, Associate Professor; Alexander P. Zhabin, Doctor of Economics, Professor; Svetlana I. Ashmarina, Doctor of Economics, Professor; Elena V. Volkodavova, Doctor of Economics, Professor - Samara State University of Economics.
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ACCOUNTING, STATISTICS
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH FEATURES OF THE POPULATION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
The relevance of the study is due to key tasks of overcoming depopulation and ensur-ing the reproduction of human potential of the Russian Federation. The purpose of the study is to conduct a comprehensive economic and statistical analysis of reproductive health features in regions. The results of the study of spatial, structural-dynamic and socio-economic features of reproductive health of the population are presented. The multi-factorial statistical study of foundations of reproductive health of citizens is determined. The inter-regional differentiation by the level of differences in the context of reproductive health of the population is assessed and analyzed.
Keywords: reproductive health, structural-dynamic analysis, multidimensional assess-ment, interregional differentiation, typology of regions. Highlights: theoretical aspects of the study of reproductive health as an object of statistical re-search were considered; structural-dynamic analysis of indicators characterizing reproductive health of the pop-ulation, as well as factors determining it, was carried out; based on a multivariate assessment, the typology of regions of the Russian Federation was established according to indicators of reproductive health of the population.
Email:bakanach@mail.ru, tokarev_ya@mail.ru, yurijchistik@yandex.ru
Сведения:Olga V. Bakanach, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor; Yuri A. Tokarev, Candidate of Economics, associate professor; Olga F. Chistik, Doctor of Economics, Professor - Samara State University of Economics.
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FINANCE, CURRENCY CIRCULATION AND CREDIT
TO THE QUESTION OF EVALUATING THE LOAN POSSIBILITY OF COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS BY BANKS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
The theoretical aspects of the creditworthiness of commercial organizations are considered: the concept, the goals of the bank`s assessment, the evaluation criteria and indicators reflecting the financial condition of the borrower. The positive sides and shortcomings of methods used by banks to assess borrowers` creditworthiness - legal entities are identified. The interrelation and interdependence of the borrower`s creditworthiness and credit risk of the bank are reflected. Credit risk indicators of the Russian banking sector are analyzed. Directions for improving existing banking methods for assessing borrowers` creditworthiness - legal entities are formulated in order to more fully and comprehensively analyze the borrower`s ability to repay a loan in a timely manner.
Keywords: borrower creditworthiness, borrower credit history, bank credit risk, financial ratios, borrower reputation, reserve for possible losses on loans, credit history bureau, borrower cash flow. Highlights: assessment of borrowers` creditworthiness is the most important tool to reduce credit risks of banks, directly affects the financial stability of the bank and prospects for its functioning in the financial market; the considered tool for minimizing credit risk is used by banks at all stages of the lending process. When issuing a loan, it is important to assess the creditworthiness of a potential borrower in order to make an informed decision on providing a loan and establish optimal lending conditions, taking into account the level of credit risk; in the process of servicing a debt by a borrower, an assessment of his creditworthiness is necessary to determine the prospects for repaying a loan and to prevent loan defaults; in domestic practice, the borrower`s creditworthiness is one of the important criteria for creating a reserve for possible losses on loans, since it determines the level of credit risk, and therefore the amount of provision in case of loan default.
Email:fikr@bk.ru
Сведения:Habib Z. Kurbanov, a leading specialist of RT-INFORM, Russian Technologies State Corporation, Moscow.
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INFLUENCE OF FINANCIAL LITERACY OF THE POPULATION ON THE STRUCTURE OF FINANCIAL RESOURCES OF HOUSEHOLDS
The relevance of the study is to carry out a deep analysis of objective information about the level of financial literacy (FG) of the population in order to identify its impact on the structure of financial resources of households. The study presents the preliminary results of the interim study on assessing the financial literacy of residents of the Ural Federal District based on the analysis of questionnaires. Questionnaires were compiled by the author based on the FG assessment methodology. This methodology is recommended by member countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and adapted by the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation for respondents using income levels as a cate-gorical feature. A structural analysis of sources of income and distribution of financial re-sources of households based on objective materials of the Federal State Statistics Service (FSGS) of the Russian Federation and the analytical center of the National Agency for Finan-cial Research (NAFI) is carried out. The author`s hypothesis about the influence of the level of financial literacy of the population on the structure of financial resources of households was confirmed.
Keywords: financial resources, financial decision-making, households, financial litera-cy, income structure, cost structure. Highlights: the structure of income and expenditure parts of household financial resources was an-alyzed; it was concluded that the prevailing trend of autonomous household spending and a growing share of servicing loan obligations continued; the functional structural model of financial resources of households based on the au-thor`s positioning to use disposable income by the population was presented; the existence of a relationship between the level of financial literacy of the population and the structure of household financial resources was substantiated.
Email: jobs.mail35@gmail.com
Сведения:Denis Yu. Razumovsky, Assistant at the Department of Finance, Money Circulation and Credit, Ural State University of Economics.
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The list of articles published in the “Vestnik of Samara State University of Economics” № 1 (171) - 12 (182) in 2019
Email:vestnik@sseu.ru
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WORLD ECONOMY
REGIONAL ECONOMY
ECONOMICS, ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT OF ORGANIZATIONS, BRANCHES, COMPLEXES
ACCOUNTING, STATISTICS
FINANCE, CURRENCY CIRCULATION AND CREDIT
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