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Вестник самарского государственного экономического университета
Vestnik of Samara State University of Economics
2008 №8 (46)
ECONOMICS
RATIONAL ECONOMICAL PERSON HYPOTHESIS: PROBLEMS AND BOUNDS
There is represented the critical analysis of rational economical person hypothesis, which belongs to neoclassical economic theory. Here the bounds of maximization and rational economical behaviour theories are shown. The conclusion is made, that behaviour of economical subject should be studied in the context of social environment, where he acts
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5
VECTOR MODEL OF EVALUATING THE COMPETITION IN DISTRIBUTION CHANNELS
The article examines competitive relations in distribution channels, the cyclic character of the process of evaluating the competitiveness. Vector model reflects the direction of evaluating the competitiveness in distribution channels, as well as the content of the demands of producers, middlemen and consumers to the potential and existing contra agents in channels
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10
TECHNO-ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF UTILIZATION OF MINING INDUSTRY WASTES FROM THE MURMANSK REGION IN THE BUILDING INDUSTRY
The article discusses directions of utilization of mining industry wastes from the Murmansk region in the building industry. The Murmansk region is an industrially developed area and possesses a huge potential for production of local building materials. There is proposed a number of measures to improve methodological basis for evaluation of efficiency of wastes utilization and economic stimulation of wastes processing. Specificity of economic evaluation of resources of multicomponent raw materials are considered and it is shown that the crucial condition of efficiency of separate extraction of every valuable component at comprehensive utilization of raw materisals is payback of direct costs. It is proposed to elaborate a program for wastes management as one of the real efficient instruments for solving problems in this field
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16
THE ANALYSIS OF THE LEGISLATION ABOUT REGULATION OF REGIONAL STRATEGIC PLANNING
A quantitative analysis of the normative acts of the subjects of Russian federation is executed in the sphere of strategic planning. The conclusion of the necessity of the legislation perfection on the basis of unity, complex forecast and strategic documents is explained. The operation of the Ministry of regional development is examined in the part of formation procedure of the complex planning of regional development documents.
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21
STRATEGIC ADMINISTRATIVE ACCOUNT OF TRANSACTIONAL EXPENSES AT QUALITATIVE CHANGE IN MANUFACTURE
The strategic administrative account transaction expenses is considered at qualitative change of manufacture. From these positions we suggest to consider alternative variants of the organisation of qualitative changes of manufacture within the limits of economic agreements and their influence on the account organisation. For the strategic administrative account economic agreements form the information, opening organisation activity. At the food enterprises in common carried out operations take place in the presence of mutual relations of the various economic agents participating in working out and introduction of new grades of beer. A consequence of agency (joint) relations is occurrence transaction expenses playing not only important the economic a role, but also occupying an important place in the general costs at production program performance
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27
STABILITY OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND PROBLEM OF AVAILABILITY OF HIGHER EDUCATION
The article deals with problems of higher education accessibility in respect to guaranteeing of a society socio-economic development and creation of the country intellectual potential. Fast growth of education accessibility exerts negative influence on its quality and efficacy, increasing discord between labour-market and educational services, reducing quality of national human capital and prejudicing innovation transformation of economy. This paper analyses the relationships among higher education accessibility, scientific-technical, scientific-academy potentials, and their influence on stable economic growth. It uncovers top problems and offers candidate solutions
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32
FACTORS DEFINING ENTERPRISE ACTIVITY
The question about interrelation between business placement and external economic conditions is illustrated in the article. Influence of administrative resource on the restriction of economic competition is analysed. The influence of quality of public administration on business placement has been researched. Nowadays it has practical significance. The main factors defining small business development and the most favorable regions for business development are indicated. The conclusion about the existence of stable interrelation between enterprise activity and the character of entrepreneurs relationships with municipal and regional officials has been made
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37
ALGORITHMIZATION OF CALCULATION OF INVESTMENT CLIMATE RATING IN ENTERPRISES
In this article questions of creating of effective algorithms of calculation of investment climate rating in enterprises are examined. Estimate of investment climate based on calculation of indexes of outer and inner environment of activity and also integral estimate of economic state of enterprise is suggested. Interconnected algorithms of successive sampling of enterprises in accordance with indexes of outer and inner environment of activity are developed; it allows choosing enterprise for final calculation of rating of investment climate
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41
MEETING THE AGRARIAN CRISIS: TRANSITIONAL ECONOMY OF RUSSIA
The paper gives the report on the content, causes and specific character of agrarian crisis in transitional economy. It analyses the agrarian policy and transformation of agricultural production in Russia. The most important problems of agrarian crisis are identified and the ways for their solving are suggested
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47
INVESTMENT POLICY IN RUSSIA: DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY
The paper provides conceptual model of investment policy. Decision-making tools for finding integrated innovative and investment solutions are suggested and economic-organizing mechanism for efficient management of innovative-investment processes is developed. Special attention is paid to implementing this mechanism on regional level within intensified state regulation
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52
COMPETITION DEVELOPMENT IN THE FOOD MARKET OF SAMARA REGION
The estimation of a condition of a competition in the food market of the Samara region is given. Interaction of trading organizations with regional manufactures of the food-stuffs is characterized. Tendencies of development of a supply and demand of a food-stuff are revealed. The complex of measures on competition development in the food market of the Samara region is offered and proved
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66
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73
NEW FORMS OF ORGANISATION OF INNOVATIVE ACTIVITY AT HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS
The article considers the factors that prevent the process of informal organization of innovative activity and the ways to overcome them in Russian higher educational institutions. New forms of organization of innovative activities at higher educational institutions have been introduced: these include interdisciplinary project teams and interdepartment communities of practice. The supervision of innovative activity in these structures is to be performed by university technology transfer offices. The creative potential of university scientists could be increased due to knowledge exchange and social capital formation
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80
THE COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SMALL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT LEVELS IN THE REGIONS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND COUNTRIES WITH THE ADVANCED MARKET ECONOMY
The article illustrates the small business development and formation in Russian regions and United States of America. There is a brief review of methods based on construction efficiency border. The stochastic frontier model is formed by means of the translogarithmic function and statistical indicators for 1997-2006, showing the small business development levels in the regions of Russian Federation and United States of America. The program Frontier Analysis is created for the estimation of the small business development efficiency and carrying out of the comparative analysis. As a result, the regions - leaders and outsiders on the small business development level are revealed
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84
STATE REAL ESTATE CADASTRE AND ITS ROLE IN REAL ESTATE TAXATION
The role and the meaning of state registration of real estate objects for taxation are considered. The analysis of modern real estate registration systems is completed and are also given the directions of their development. The positive sides and the weaknesses of the Law On State Real Estate Cadastre are listed and the suggestions on possible reforms of the system of real estate registration are proposed
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90
STIMULATION OF INNOVATIVE PROCESSES IN MODERN BUSINESS
The aim of the article is to discover the essence of integration transformation in the domestic industry on the basis of implementing innovative processes. The approach to the problem consists in the analysis of interaction of domestic enterprises and working out some practical recommendations for their further development. The key results of the research consist in the given model of stimulation of innovative processes introduction in modern economy
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97
THE FACTORS OF EFFICIENCY OF WHOLESALE TRADING FACILITIES
The stages of consecutive development of the requirement in wholesale trading facilities are substantiated: from the requirement in goods to the requirement in the supply range organization. Wholesale trading facilities tendency is revealed, connected with the formation of national markets, the usage of modern forms and methods physical distribution. Factors of efficiency of the wholesale trading facilities are determined
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102
QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF HUMAN POTENTIAL IN PRIVOLZHSKY FEDERAL DISTRICT
The regularity of human potential development in Privolzhsky Federal District has been researched. The main trends of this process are presented. The characteristic of different measurement of human development is shown: education, material well-being and longevity. The detailed classification of Privolzhsky Federal District regions is given and their main types are defined according to the main indicator of human potential
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107
THE CONTENT OF LAND PROPERTY COMPLEX MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
The general problems are considered and land property complex management is among them. The structure, purposes, tasks and classification of principles management methods in the system of landproperty relations between agents of management and control objects are presented
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114
ON ECONOMIC AND MATHEMATICAL SUPPORT TO DECISION MAKING ON INVESTMENT PROJECTS UNDER UNCERTAINTY
New decision making methodology on investment projects (under uncertainty) is being discussed. This methodology is based on ideas of using: 1) more than two investment efficiency indexes; 2) interrelations of investment efficiency indexes, 3) mathematical methods of matrix game theory, linear programming, the theories of probability, mathematical statistics, numerical techniques and computers, when making a choice of optimal investment projects
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119
ECONOMIC MECHANISM FOR MANAGING ENTERPISE DURABILITY FUNCTIONING
The term durabilty is identified, different types of soundness as basics for model building of stable functioning of enterprises in terms of economic environment are observed
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124
FORECASTING OF VOLUMES OF SALES IN MODEL OF MANAGEMENT OF STOCKS
The paper discusses how to use the statistical data of the Head Company for its branchs annual planning. The relative seasonality index remains constant for each month of the year in the ratio of the trend
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129
LABOUR LONGEVITY OF THE WORKER
Article is devoted to social problems of modern Russia: mortality of able-bodied men and self-preservation behavior. Significance of physical training and sport is considered as a factor of improving of economic efficiency of up-to-date productions, social development of the production staff and increasing of labour longevity of people
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134
PHILOSOPHY, HISTORY, SOCIOLOGY
Understanding as realisation of language game
The strategy under analysis represents the problem of understanding as the question of circumstances under which we have the right to say that we understand something. In this case understanding is identified with the participating in some language game. This strategy does not require (and even does not let) turning to the notion of “transcendental condition” for understanding someone’s behavior or some language game
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115
ECONOMICS
PHILOSOPHY, HISTORY, SOCIOLOGY
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