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Вестник самарского государственного экономического университета
Vestnik of Samara State University of Economics
2019 №10 (180)
THEORY OF ECONOMICS
MARKET INFORMATION AS SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SOURCE IN RUSSIA
The importance of integrating enterprises into the communications digital information field to effectively realize the potential of all areas of today`s market economy is due to fast-growing information and digital technologies. Online trading, web-positioning of business activities, use of electronic-digital reporting, web-training, social Internet services are becoming popular activities of market entities. In the digital economy, it is impossible to carry out market activities without information and the digital environment. The digital economy can be described as activities related to the development of information, the way it is transmitted and broadcast, as well as market interactions of actors using new information technologies. Market players provide information about their activities to increase their competitive advantage, but not all information is “useful” to market actors. There are problems with information asymmetry and its impact on the economic development of both individual markets and the economic system as a whole.
Keywords: digital economy, information asymmetry, production factors, socially important markets, market economy, economic development. Highlights: the factors of production in the digital economy were determined differently than in the current market economy model, where all factors were interchangeable. In the digital economy, information is an indispensable factor in production; the market actors have a “scenario” of behavior, which is determined by rules and regulations that have developed in society. The asymmetry of information creates imbalances and uncertainties in the behavior of market players. There are risks that the weakest market entity faces; in the case of socially important markets, information asymmetry creates the most significant risks for the consumer. In these markets, asymmetry should be minimal. That is why market actors and the state need to monitor the information provided.
Email:l055@mail.ru, lenkooooo@gmail.com, ambiente2@rambler.ru
Сведения:Elena G. Gushchina, Candidate of Economics, Professor of the Department of World Economics and Economic Theory. E-mail: l055@mail.ru; Elena M. Vitaleva, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor of the Department of World Economics and Economic Theory; Sergey K. Volkov, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor, Dean of the Faculty of Economics and Management - Volgograd State Technical University.
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SOCIO-ECONOMIC PARTICIPATION IN THE ACCESS-BASED CONSUMPTION SYSTEM
The study analyzes social and commercial aspects of the new consumption system based on access to benefits without owning them. Analysis of current publications on this topic allowed studying the evolution of this phenomenon in the system of socio-economic coordinates of post-industrial society. The main driving force for the development of consumption in the form of contradictions between pro-social and commercial principles of its implementation was revealed, and the most promising model of cooperation in this area was highlighted.
Keywords: digitalization, access-based consumption, benefits, sharing, online platforms, consumer community, shared consumption, pro-social principles, post-industrial society, property. Highlights: the socio-economic participation in the post-industrial consumption system without wealth was presented; the main driving force behind the evolution of consumption in the form of a contradiction between social and commercial aspects of its implementation was revealed; the prospect of P2P consumption model based on access to goods and services was justified.
Email:slavaap@rambler.ru
Сведения:Vyacheslav A. Perepelkin, Doctor of Economics, Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of World Economics of Samara State University of Economics.
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REGIONAL ECONOMY
ASSESSMENT OF REGIONS` READINESS TO IMPLEMENT DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES IN AGRICULTURE
One of the most important state tasks in the Russian Federation today is the economic growth of key areas of production. Agriculture plays a significant role in the country`s economy. In many regions, emphasis is being placed on qualitative economic growth in agricultural production, thanks to the leap in scientific and technological development and the integration of digital elements. At the same time, the current state of regional development in terms of available technologies and readiness for their modernization remains an important issue.
Keywords: digital economy, precision agriculture, monitoring, automation, forecasting, regions of the Russian Federation. Highlights: the questionnaire for collecting information on technical equipment of agricultural enterprises was made; the implementation of digital technologies in the regions of the Russian Federation was studied; the survey and expert analysis revealed the technical equipment of enterprises in the regions; the most popular technologies in the system of precision agriculture and possible trends of development were determined.
Email:trufliak@mail.ru,Kalya1389@gmail.com
Сведения:Evgeny V. Truflyak, Doctor of Technical Sciences, head of the Department of Operation of ICC, head of the Center for Monitoring and Forecasting AIC; Nikolay Yu. Kurchenko, Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Electrical Machines and Drives, Deputy head of the Center for Monitoring and Forecasting AIC - Kuban State Agrarian University, Krasnodar.
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ECONOMICS, ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT OF ORGANIZATIONS, BRANCHES, COMPLEXES
IDENTIFICATION OF GAPS IN EXPECTATIONS OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS AND POTENTIAL EMPLOYERS AS A BASIS FOR MANAGEMENT DECISION - MAKING IN HIGHER EDUCATION
The current stage of social development is characterized by high rates and frequency of changes. In such conditions, the requirements of potential employers for knowledge, skills, abilities and competencies of university graduates can differ significantly from those in the curriculum of universities. Gaps between the requirements of potential employers for knowledge and skills of university graduates and students` real abilities, their expectations, form the unfavorable environment for both employers and for future specialists who are just mastering the profession. The identification of these gaps can serve as the basis for tactical and strategic management decisions by university administrations. The purpose of this study is to identify gaps in the expectations of undergraduate and graduate students and potential employers. The key result of the work can be recognized as confirmation of indicated gaps.
Keywords: universities, higher education, education, higher education system, employers, expectations, gaps, expectations of students, expectations of employers, management decision-making. Highlights: the expectations of undergraduate and graduate students in terms of their future professional activities were identified; the expectations of potential employers regarding abilities, knowledge, skills of university graduates entering the labor market were determined; the differences in the expectations of students and potential employers were identified.
Email: asisamara@mail.ru, kandrashina@sseu.ru, kandrashina@sseu.ru, airick73@bk.ru
Сведения:Svetlana I. Ashmarina, Doctor of Economics, Professor; Elena A. Kandrashina, Doctor of Economics; Lyudmila G. Lebedeva, Master of Pedagogics, a senior lecturer of the Department of Sociology and Pedagogy. E-mail: ludleb@mail.ru; Ayrat M. Izmailov, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor - Samara State University of Economics.
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DIGITALIZATION IN THE BUSINESS SECTOR OF RUSSIA AND EU COUNTRIES
Accelerating the digital transformation process in Russia now appears to be a significant challenge, with uneven penetration of digital technologies: their advance distribution in the public services sector is at the background of insufficient digital activity in the business sector. The study conducted a comparative analysis of digital development features in the business sector of Russia and European countries. The clusters of countries with similar conditions and results of digital transformations in the business sector were via multi-dimensional statistical methods of classifying and reducing the dimension, as well as a comprehensive assessment of Russia`s position in the resulting dimension were identified. It is shown that for the majority of digital technologies analyzed in the Russian business section, there is a positive dynamics in the study period, but the observed growth rate was insufficient for to overcome the lag behind European countries with a high level of technological development. The similarity of the main factors that constrain the growth of digital activity in the business sector, with the most significant constraints of innovation and investment activities of enterprises, was revealed. It is necessary to improve statistical monitoring of digital development in the Russian business sector was shown.
Keywords: digital technology, business sector, multidimensional classification, clusters, digital transformation. Highlights: digital development in the business sector of European countries is heterogeneity with a fairly high level of use of digital technology in the business sector of EU countries as a whole; the most indicators of digital transformation of the business sector of Russia illustrate a positive dynamics, but the observed growth rates have not overcome the lag behind the European countries with high levels of technological development; the implemented approach to obtaining clusters of countries with similar conditions and results of digital transformation in the business sector made it possible to assess Russia`s position in the classification received, as well as to present benchmarks for the further development.
Email:dokladt@mail.ru, mikhailesenin@yandex.ru
Сведения:Tatiana A. Dubrova, Doctor of Economics, Professor; Mikhail A. Yesenin, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor - Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow.
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INNOVATIONS IN THE SYSTEM OF MUSIC FESTIVAL SERVICES: TECHNOLOGICAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL ASPECTS
Event activities today are becoming more diverse. One of the most important segments of the event activity is music festivals, where there is a variety of genres from classical to electronic music. New technological capabilities of the digital society affect the formats and range of services of musical events. Technological innovations penetrate the festival grounds, but this process is uneven both in different countries and in individual musical genres. The use of innovative solutions today is a serious competitive advantage, including in event activities. The study presents the results of innovative activity of a number of musical festivals, studied both in Russian and foreign experience; the description of the main innovative technologies, the use of innovative technologies by the largest festivals.
Keywords: event activities, services, music festival, innovation technologies. Highlights: the main innovative technologies applicable in the agricultural activity were systematized; the practices of foreign music festivals using innovative technologies were considered; the level of innovative technologies used by festivals of different genres in foreign and Russian practice was defined; the insufficient level of innovations carrying out large music festivals in Russia was revealed.
Email: luhor@inboix.ru, apavina@yandex.ru
Сведения:Lyubov V. Khoreva, Doctor of Economics, Professor; Anna V. Pavina, a Master’s degree student - St. Petersburg State University of Economics.
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FINANCE, CURRENCY CIRCULATION AND CREDIT
PROBLEMS OF FINANCING INSTITUTIONS OF SECONDARY VOCATION-AL EDUCATION IN THE REGIONS IN THE CURRENT CONTEXT
The problems of financing institutions of secondary vocational education (SVE) using the example of the Ministry of Education of the Omsk region were considered. The structure of financing budgetary institutions of SVE, their expenses at the expense of budgetary and off-budget financing were revealed. The problems of budgetary under-financing institutions of secondary vocational education and its consequences were revealed. To change the situation in a positive way, it is proposed to supplement the per capita financing of SVE institutions with project financing and to create a project for the development of the SVE system at the regional level, which will increase the volume of financing in this direction by attracting Federal and private financial resources. To improve the efficiency of budget funds, it is proposed to introduce a mechanism for their planning on the basis of achieved results of SVE institutions, which will require additional criteria for assessing the quality of work of budget educational institutions. To improve the quality of training and interest of students, it is recommended to introduce the mechanism of public-private partnership in the system of the Omsk region. This mechanism will increase the amount of extra-budgetary financing, reduce the burden on the regional budget, attract funds that are missing for the modernization of the material and technical base, buildings of institutions of the SVE system, and improve the efficiency of budget funds allocated under the project.
Keywords: financing of budgetary institutions, secondary vocational education (SVE), extra-budgetary sources, project financing, public-private partnership. Highlights: the structure of financing institutions of secondary vocational education using the example of the Ministry of Education of the Omsk region (hereinafter-the Ministry), their costs at the expense of budgetary and extra-budgetary financing were revealed; the features and problems of financing budgetary institutions of secondary vocational education of the Omsk region were revealed; the measures aimed at increasing the amount of financing institutions of secondary vocational education at the expense of extra-budgetary source to reduce the burden on the regional budget and improve the quality of education in these institutions were proposed.
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Email:aakorableva@bk.ru
Сведения:Anna A. Korableva, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor of the Department of Finance and Accounting, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Omsk.
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FINANCIAL SUPPORT FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE REGIONAL AGRO-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX
Efficiency of state financial support of agro-industrial complex in the Republic of Buryatia is revealed. The subject of the study is the activity of state executive authorities to provide financial support to agricultural producers. Objectives of the study: analysis of state support programs of the regional agro-industrial complex; assessment of the main objectives of state support programs of the agro-industrial complex of the Republic of Buryatia. The general scientific and special methods were applied: comparison, analysis, synthesis, systematization and generalization of the results. The main directions of state financial support of the regional agro-industrial complex, implemented through the state target program, were considered. The indicators to assess the efficiency of state financial support of the agro-industrial complex of the Republic of Buryatia were defined. The following ways to improve financial support of sustainable development of the agro-industrial complex of the Republic were allocated: improve normative-legal base for the development of villages at Federal, regional and local levels. The assessment of target indicators of the state program shows the average efficiency of its implementation, in some periods the indicators of growth of agricultural products are not fulfilled, i.e. the main goal of the state program is not achieved. The analysis showed the need to review the mechanisms used in the state program, and reduce the cost of managing it.
Keywords: financial support, agro-industrial complex, regional development. Highlights: the main directions of the state financial support of the regional agro-industrial complex, carried out through the state target program, were considered; the indicators to assess the efficiency of the state financial support of the agro-industrial complex of the Republic of Buryatia were defined; the ways to improve financial support of steady development of the agro-industrial complex of the Republic of Buryatia were identified.
Email:timof83@mail.ru
Сведения:Vladimir I. Timofeev, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor of the Buryat State Academy of Agriculture, Ulan-Ude.
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THEORY OF ECONOMICS
REGIONAL ECONOMY
ECONOMICS, ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT OF ORGANIZATIONS, BRANCHES, COMPLEXES
FINANCE, CURRENCY CIRCULATION AND CREDIT
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