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Вестник самарского государственного экономического университета
Vestnik of Samara State University of Economics
2008 №7 (45)
ECONOMICS
DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE OF RURAL SETTLEMENTS AS A FACTOR OF EFFECTIVIZATION OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
This paper considers social infrastructure of rural settlements, because this area of rural municipal establishments in particular were harmed and are currently least developed. It is important to note that all municipal rural settlements are differentiated in their social infrastructure objects. The conclusion is that social infrastructure is a main condition for effective development of agricultural production. It is a main reason for keeping workers in rural settlements and increasing their qualification and employment chances. For maintainance of stable development of the rural settlements it is necessary to urgently invest. In this case was considered a common presentation of interests of investment subjects of rural social infrastructure.
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5
THE METHODS OF COMPLEX EVALUATION OF FINANCIAL STABILITY OF MOTOR TRANSPORTATION ORGANIZATION
The necessity of the analysis of financial stability of the motor transportation organizations is proved, the complex approach leads to the named process. The settlement basis of a technique is made by author’s system of parameters which allows the receipt of generalizing characteristic of financial stability by means of methods of the correlation analysis. The article considers the approach to the definition of the integrated estimation of financial stability of the motor transportation organization.
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10
PERFECTION OF MANAGEMENT BASED ON REFERENCE MODELS
In this article the author considers evolution of approaches to a company management, defines and analyzes the “references models” application of which promotes introduction of the process approach in companies. The purpose of application of “references models is perfection of a company management.
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16
THE MAIN REGIONAL PURPOSEFUL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE REALIZATION OF THE NATIONAL PROJECT “AVAILABLE AND COMFORTABLE HOUSING FOR THE CITIZENS OF RUSSIA” ON THE TERRITORY OF THE VOLOGDA REGION
The main characteristics of the realization of the national project “Available and comfortable housing for the citizens of Russia” on the territory of the Vologda region are considered, the ways of raising available housing acquisition are offered in the article. There is the analysis of the changes that took place since 2002 in the structure of regional housing resources, the appreciation of available housing acquisition for family with average income is shown, and the ways of housing acquisition with help of loans and mortgage lending are considered.
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21
THE RUSSAN ECONOMY GROWTH RESOURCES
The author of the article shows and proves that in order to stimulate the Growth of Economy in Russia by means of intensifying its domestic demand it is essential to perfect the Economic Structure by force of the some slight self-energizing changes in the cash flow.
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28
TERRITORIAL STRATEGIC PLANNING OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF RUSSIA (USING THE EXAMPLE OF DEVELOPMENT OF NORTHERN REGIONS)
The article considers the scheme of territorial strategic planning at a federal level. The author draws attention to strategic documents of regional development of Russian Federation. The aspects of normative and organizational practice of strategic planning development of Northern regions as one of the problematic directions of territorial development of Russia are analyzed.
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33
ENTERPRISE SALES MANAGEMENT
Present business initiative, where uncertainty and risk takes place, needs to pay more attention to the validity of management decisions. In this case, we offer to use our Guide to help to analyze and decide problems arising in the sales area of the Company. It has to unite professional skills, decision making through the search of the optimum way in the sales area, paying attention to an agreed goal and restrictions of controlling system.
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37
THE FACTORS AND CONDITIONS THAT DEFINE THE FUNCTIONING OF SMALL BUSINESSES IN THE FINANCIAL REPRODUCTION PROCESS OF RUSSIA
Article considers the main problems related with the functioning of small-scale enterprises in the financial reproduction process of the Russian economy. Article proves the determinant role of small businesses in the reproduction of capital of society that is an important factor in the increase of quality of economic growth. Article reveals the main conditions that define the development of small businesses, the most important of which are institutional and production-economical conditions.
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41
COMPLEX USE OF INNOVATIVE POTENTIAL - BASIS OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE RUSSIAN INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES
The present paper considers complex use of innovative potential which consists of the account of features of joint realization of innovative projects at a level of the enterprise and depth of the changes occurring at the industrial enterprise as a result of application of innovations. As a result, the system of parameters of efficiency of innovative activity carried out at the enterprise is generated. On this basis, it is established that realization of innovative potential represents itself as basis of steady development of the industrial enterprises of Russia.
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47
APPLICATION OF THE SYSTEMATIC APPROACH AT THE CHOICE OF THE SET OF ESTIMATION INDEXES OF THE REGION SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
The present article gives a definition of the notion “region” in way of the systematic approach. It also makes clear the characteristics of indexes which reflect the regional development. The author considers the basic problems which arise out of the formulation of indexes structure which are necessary for carrying out the research of the regional development. She also introduces the system of indexes the application of which is possible when the research of the regional socio-economic development is being carried out.
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52
THE POLICY OF THE PERSONNEL - FACTOR DEFINING COMPETITIVENESS OF THE REGION
The paper analyzes the main particularities of the shaping of training which are presented at a rate of region. Then comes the conclusion that modern regional policy must be scientifically motivated, take into account need of the Russian economy and region in personnel for ensuring the reforms, and it must be systematic, complex, based on provision of integrity, principle and forms of the work with personnel.
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58
MANAGEMENT OF INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATION IN HETEROGENEOUS POLIPOLY WITH USAGE OF OPTIMIZATION BUDGET MODEL
Management system of industrial organization in heterogeneous polipoly with usage of optimization budget model was formed. Optimal characteristics required for budget planning of industrial organization was calculate with usage of mathematical model.
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63
TO THE QUESTION OF ECONOMIC CAPITAL OF COMMERCIAL BANK
The present paper reveals the approaches to determination of the bank capital essence and the conception of regulative and economic capital with due account for the latest trends in bank regulation processes. The author gives a qualitative estimation of regulative and economic capital of the leading regional bank with due account for regional development peculiarities. He also proves the necessity to form the sources with due account for the ownership right and its irretrievability bearing in mind the accordance with the economic capital conception.
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69
INNOVATIVE SPHERE CONTROL AND PLANNING IMPROVEMENT
The article considers the two basic types of planning and also the model of organization, preparation and realization of competitive innovative project. The authors show the stages of the process of innovative project planning and control and the methods of determining innovations using basic parameters in modern Russian conditions. They specify the process of realization and improvement of innovative activity planning using the example of Niznyi Novgorod region, the centre of the Volga federal district.
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77
THE MASTER METHOD OF THE TARIFF CALCULATION ON HEAT ENERGY AS MECHANISM OF INCREASING THE EFFICIENCY OF THE TARIFF FORMING
State pricing on product and facilities enterprises, realizing controlled type of activity, is the most important factor defining their viability. Most often used expensive principle of forming the tariff on energy companies causes the ensemble of the equitable censures on the part of analyst because of its discrepancy to modern market requirements to economy and efficiency of the management. In this article the new approach is suggested to the price establishment on heat energy on the base of the master method.
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84
INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL OF THE UNIVERSITY COMPLEXES
The article illustrates the notion and structure of university’s intellectual capital. The conclusion is made that the social capital should be considered as a separate element of intellectual capital, because innovation making is the process of innovation process participant’s collective interests achievement.
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89
METHODOLOGY OF BALANCING ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY INDICES AND FINANCIAL STABILITY RATIOS WITHIN INVESTMENT PROJECTING
Investigation covers a problem of economic efficiency and financial stability of investment projects as well as economic activity of a company. Authors demonstrate antagonistic character of both groups of indices (economic efficiency indices and financial stability ratios): higher economic efficiency leads to deterioration in financial reliability and higher financial risks. However taking into consideration unity of initial data which is in the basis of cash flow statement and balance sheet authors come up with an idea to balance economic efficiency and financial stability indices.
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93
TOWN-LIKE SETTLEMENTS IN REFORMATION SYSTEM OF LOCAL ADMINISTRATIVE BASES
This article concerns the theoretical aspects of town-like settlements formation and their place in administrative and territory management in Russia. It considers the problems of their existence at the current development stage and the factors assisting to the change of their dynamic. The author’s opinion is that town-like settlements are overcoming the existing problems.
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103
COMPARISON OF TECHNIQUES OF AN ESTIMATION OF COMPANY BUSINESS ACTIVITY
Different authors’ approaches to the appraisal of company business activity are examined. The conclusion was drawn that the modern methodology of company business activity evaluation and analysis has essential faults, so it does not allow one to perform a comparative analysis of the activity of several enterprises of the same industry sector. Study of company business activity as the activity of staff groups during their duties performance would enable one to refine the existent methodology and to eliminate the faults.
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108
SOCIAL ROLE AND SPECIALITIES OF BUSINESS EDUCATION AS A FIELD OF SERVICES IN RUSSIAN BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT
Social role and specialties of business education as a field of services in Russian business development are considered in the article. The author shows the results of the general analysis of specialists’ preparation for small-scale business.
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112
THE VOLGA FEDERAL DISTRICT MANPOWER POTENTIAL IN THE CONTEXT OF MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT AIMS
The main aims of the millennium development by the Privolzhskiy Federal County, which are “too important not to be realized” are considered in the article. The characteristic of the most significant directions of the development of the human potential Privolzhskiy Federal County is shown: reduction to poverty. Provision of ecological stability, improvement of health for adults and children, reduction inequality and social diseases are shown.
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117
STATISTICAL RESEARCH OF SAMARA REGION INFORMATIZATION
The author carries out the analysis of informational-communicational technologies application in enterprises of Samara region during 2002-2006. On the basis of analysis he reveals the tendencies of informatization development in certain branches and in the region as a whole.
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121
METHODS OF THE REGIONAL LANDED PROPERTY UNITY MANAGEMENT EFFECTIVENESS DEFINITION
Criteria and results of landed property unity effective management at the regional and municipal levels in the Russian Federation are presented. The way of effectiveness definition and general management control estimation as well as methods of landed property unity use forecasting are given.
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126
TAX FUNCTIONS IN THE SYSTEM OF THE NATIONAL ECONOMY MODERN INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT
The present paper examines tax functions in modern conditions of the production renewal, taxing and taxes functions relating to the aims of the modern state policy in the sphere of innovative development (including regional level of control). It also proves the necessity to refocus the priorities from the fiscal function of taxes to the regulating one in order to turn the tax system into the means of controlling of innovative development.
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131
MATHEMATICAL SUPPORT FOR MAKING DECISIONS IN CONDITIONS OF INDEFINITY BY MEANS OF TIES BETWEEN THE ATTRIBUTES OF DECISIONS OF MATRIXAL GAMES AND THE PRINCIPLE OF DOMINATION
The ties between solutions of two matrixal games if the lines and the columns of matrixes of these games the demands of domination are satisfied are analysed. There are five theorems developed by the authors. The author sets an example how to find a solution of a matrixal game using attributes of decisions of the matrixal games, with ties between decisions and successive simplification of this game.
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139
THE DEVELOPMENT OF METHODS AND TOOLS OF MAKING DECISIONS DURING THE PROCESS OF RISK MANAGEMENT IN MULTI-BRANCH COMMERCIAL BANK
The article presents newest methodological aspects of the risk management process in banks. The obvious legislative issues are exposed to the critical analysis. The author has developed brain packages, technological and recursive schemes of risk systems functioning in multi-branch commercial banks from a position of the big systems theory. So this way can provide focus for an even larger picture when introduced as an integral part of a comprehensive multi-branch risk-strategy that includes limit and system management instruments relevant to regulatory, economic and capital requirements.
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144
FOREIGN INVESTMENT IN MODERN SYSTEM OF WORLD ECONOMICAL CONNECTIONS
The paper is devoted the role and place of foreign investment in modern system of world economical connections in the condition of transitional economics. Author is investigating the capital migration problem.
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150
ECONOMICS
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