|Вестник самарского государственного экономического университета
Vestnik of Samara State University of Economics
|2021 №5 (199)
|POSTINDUSTRIALIZATION AND DEINDUSTRIALIZATION IN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY IN THE CONTEXT OF RUSSIA`S ECONOMIC SECURITY|
|The purpose of the publication is to assess the world experience of post-industrial development and deindustrialization in the economies of both developed and developing countries. The importance of the crisis of the post-industrial paradigm for the development of the world economy, the application of this experience in the process of import substitution and the unfolding reindustrialization in Russia is noted. The analysis of the world experience of post-industrial development and deindustrialization of the economy, its macro-regional features is carried out in the context of maintaining and developing Russia`s economic security. The author`s understanding of the problems and prospects of the development of import substitution and reindustrialization processes in the world is proposed. Import substitution is considered as part of the strategy of economic development and ensuring the national security of the country. It is proposed to build recommendations for improving the policy of import substitution and reindustrialization carried out by Russia, taking into account the author`s developments.
Keywords: postindustrialization, deindustrialization and reindustrialization of the economy, the crisis of the post-industrial paradigm, economic security of Russia, the policy of import substitution.
♦ the analysis of post-industrial development and the nature of deindustrialization in the world economy is carried out;
♦ the problems and prospects of the development of import substitution and reindustrialization processes in the world are determined;
♦ the author`
s understanding of the improvement of the policy of import substitution and reindustrialization carried out by Russia is given.
|Сведения:||Vladimir A. Noskov, Doctor of Economics, Professor, Samara State University of Economics.||9|
|Polyanskova N.V., Belyaeva G.I.|
|MANAGEMENT OF URBAN AGGLOMERATIONS IN THE CONTEXT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF TERRITORIES|
|In modern conditions, close attention is paid to the study of various theoretical and practical aspects of managing the development of domestic agglomerations. The importance of research in this area is determined by the increasing role of agglomerations as the most effective form of territorial organization in many countries of the world. Currently, urban agglomerations are accepted as configurations of the distribution of production capacities, as well as the dispersion of the population without reference to administrative-territorial units. Agglomerations serve as activators of growth points, act as an economic link of territories, ensure the systematic development of the socio-industrial base and serve to the implementation of the main task of creating effective conditions for the development of the state. Today, there is an acute problem of the lack of unified methodological and managerial approaches in the formation and development of agglomeration, which, of course, makes the research topic relevant. The purpose of the study is to consider agglomerations in the context of sustainable socio-economic development of territories, as well as to develop proposals for improving the management process during their formation. The methods of system, economic-statistical, abstract-logical, comparative analysis, graphical and tabular analysis were used in the work. The results of the study are aimed at improving the management of agglomerations in the process of their formation and socio-economic development of territories.
Keywords: urban agglomerations, development model, creation algorithm, management, problems, sustainable development, transformation models, spatial development, territorial settlement.
♦ the concept of agglomeration is defined, the schemes of construction and management principles in the formation of agglomerations are revealed;
♦ the agglomerations of the Russian Federation, their development, in particular, the development of the Moscow agglomeration, are considered;
♦ the problems of the formation and management of agglomerations in Russia are identified, the directions of improving the management of territories in the context of sustainable socio-economic development are developed.
|Сведения:||Natalia V. Polyanskova, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Regional Economics and Management of the Samara State University of Economics.; Galina I. Belyaeva, Senior Lecturer at Samara State Technical University.||18|
|ECONOMICS, ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT ORGANIZATIONS, BRANCHES, COMPLEXES|
|Andreyevsky I.L., Sokolov R.V.|
|EVALUATION OF USER PREFERENCES WHEN CHOOSING CLOUD SOFTWARE PRODUCTS|
|The article analyzes the assessment of user preferences when choosing cloud software products (CSP). The peculiarity of the choice of OPP is not only the choice of an enterprise - supplier of CSP of the necessary functionality, but also the choice of enterprises-intermediaries of cloud digitalization, which include an enterprise for designing a cloud information system (CIS) based on the selected CSP and a cloud data processing center during the operation of the CIS. A multidimensional characteristic of cloud digitalization enterprises used in the selection process is given. Since the criteria for choosing an CSP are vague, fuzzy numbers, an apparatus of fuzzy sets is proposed for evaluating user preferences.
Keywords: cloud software products, user preferences, choice of options. Highlights:
♦ the article reveals the features of the meaningful formulation of the problem of choosing a variant of cloud software products, consisting in the fact that the user should choose not only the cloud software product of the manufacturer, but also the entire chain of interconnected enterprises of cloud digitalization;
♦ the characteristic of enterprises as part of the chain of interconnected enterprises of cloud digi-talization is given;
♦ a fuzzy algorithm for selecting a cloud software product in accordance with user preferences is proposed.
|Сведения:||Igor L. Andreyevsky, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor.; Roman V. Sokolov, Doctor of Economics, Professor. - Saint-Petersburg State University of Economics.||26|
|HARMONIZATION OF TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL POLICY AND STATE SUPPORT|
|The purpose of the study is to consider the status of state support, to determine its main trends in Russia, including in the radio-electronic industry, in connection with the harmonization of trade and industrial policy. To achieve the purpose of the study, the main approaches to the concepts of "harmonization", "harmonization of trade and industrial policy" were studied, the place of state support in the structure of the mechanism for harmonization of trade and industrial policy was determined, the problems of state support both in general and specifically in the radio-electronic industry were formulated, the ways of solving these problems were suggested. Within the framework of the study, legislative documents related to state support of the radio-electronic industry are analyzed, its main characteristics are determined. The relevance of state support of enterprises of the military-industrial complex, whose main activity is concentrated on the production of radio electronics, is shown. Possible ways of improving the activities of enterprises of the military-industrial complex are proposed, the use of state support tools of an institutional nature is highlighted. The results of the study have novelty and originality, expand the theory and practice of the issue of harmonization, since they focus on those aspects of it that were not previously considered in detail.
Keywords: trade and industrial policy, harmonization, state support, sanctions, military-industrial complex.
♦ the main approaches to the study of the category "harmonization" are noted, the relevance of its study is determined;
♦ the current status of state support of industry, including radio-electronic one, is studied, its current problems in Russia are identified;
♦ the main problems of the development of the military-industrial complex in radio electronics are formulated, the ways of their solution are shown.
|Сведения:||Ilya F. Bogatyrev, Post-graduate student of the Nizhny Novgorod branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.||33|
|ASSESSMENT OF THE TECHNOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATION OF THE RUSSIAN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY CONSIDERING THE DIGITAL FACTOR|
|The purpose of the study is to assess the technological transformation of the manufacturing industry in Russia, taking into account the digital factor. The analysis of a set of methods that can be used to assess the impact of technologies on the digital transformation of economic systems (country, industry, region, industrial enterprise) is carried out; the results of a SWOT analysis of the Russian manufacturing industry for the medium term are presented (as an initial stage for the subsequent development of functional strategies of industrial enterprises-digital transformation, innovative, competitive, etc.); the results of a survey of experts on a sample of industrial enterprises of the Arkhangelsk region regarding barriers and prospects of digital transformation of manufacturing enterprises are summarized; an economic and mathematical model of the influence of production factors, including the digital factor, on the value added created by the manufacturing industry is developed. Based on the analysis and modeling of the formation of added value in the manufacturing industry, taking into account the contribution of each of the factors of production, a set of solutions is proposed, on the basis of which it is possible to give a new impetus to accelerate the digital transformation of the industry.
Keywords: industry, digital factor, digital technologies, digital transformation, SWOT analysis, economic and mathematical modeling, production function.
♦ a comparative analysis of methods that can be used to assess the impact of technologies on the digital transformation of economic systems (country, industry, region, enterprise) is carried out;
♦ a SWOT analysis of the Russian manufacturing industry for the medium term for digital transformation is carried out;
♦ the results of a survey of experts on barriers and prospects for digital transformation of manufacturing enterprises were summed up;
♦ as a prototype of the production function, an economic and mathematical model was developed that reflects the influence of production factors, including the digital factor, on the creation of added value.
|Сведения:||Maxim P. Kalinichenko, Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov, Arkhangelsk.||44|
|Patrushev V.S., Popov V.L.|
|INNOVATIONS IN ENTERPRISES: INTRODUCTION OF THE CONCEPT OF LEAN PRODUCTION AT A HIGH-TECH ENTERPRISE WITH A FULL PRODUCTION CYCLE ON THE EXAMPLE OF JSC "SORBENT"|
|The article considers the process of implementing an innovative production model at an industrial enterprise with a full production cycle. The key features of the existing models of innovation implementation in the production process are identified, their advantages and disadvantages are evaluated. Using the example of JSC "Sorbent", the process of introducing innovations in real production conditions is studied, and the impact of the innovation process on the overall economic efficiency of the enterprise is assessed. Based on the obtained data, a general model of innovative transformations at a high-tech industrial enterprise with a full production cycle is proposed. The main elements of the proposed three-dimensional model include the basic processes of changes, projects and innovations management. Additionally, the model includes the processes of increasing innovation potential, improving internal and external communications through the introduction of digital technologies, increasing the efficiency of production process by improving the production system.
Keywords: industrial enterprise, development management model, changes, projects, innovations, practical application.
♦ the analysis of existing models of innovation implementation in the production process is carried out;
♦ the process of introducing innovations in the conditions of real production is studied;
♦ the assessment of the impact of the innovation process on the overall economic efficiency of the enterprise is carried out;
♦ a general model of innovative transformations at a high-tech industrial enterprise with a full production cycle is suggested.
|Сведения:||Vladimir S. Patrushev, Joint-stock Company "Sorbent".; Viktor L. Popov, Doctor of Economics, Perm National Research Polytechnic University.||54|
|StreltsovA.V., Yakovlev G.I.|
|SCENARIO STUDY OF INVESTMENT RESOURCE FLOWS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF ENTERPRISES AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP|
|The study considers the issues of mobilizing investment resources of enterprises and business structures, highlights the factors that determine the need for an active technical policy in the modern digital economy. The lack and limitation of investment resources for production purposes in the necessary volumes, under favorable conditions for the provision of borrowed funds, is observed throughout the entire post-reform period of the development of the Russian economy. For the purposes of accelerated modernization, it is necessary to increase the scales of generation of all types of investment resources of enterprises, both own and borrowed, in order to ensure expanded reproduction of promising products on a new technical and technological basis. The purpose of the study is to study possible options for the formation of own investment resources of enterprises and business structures, ensuring their relationship with macroeconomic conditions, the need for borrowed funds, with the most important indicators of the efficiency of the enterprise. The methods of logical analysis, meaningful economic interpretation of economic and managerial phenomena in the environment of investment activity of enterprises, analysis of cause-and-effect relationships in the system of organization of technical development of the enterprise were used in the work. As a result, the study proved the hypothesis that depreciation and net profit can serve as a significant source of investments at enterprises, and proper management of the formation and use of the depreciation fund and the accumulation fund, when there are favorable macroeconomic factors, can significantly increase the share of enterprises ` own funds in their investments. It is proposed to carry out regular management of the depreciation fund and the movement of the accumulation fund for the entire period of the useful life of fixed assets. If this work is not carried out in some periods (years), this significantly reduces the possible share of own funds in investments and increases the need for borrowed funds, increases operating costs.
Keywords: investments, depreciation, profit, interest rates, annuity, enterprise, entrepreneurship. Highlights:
♦ the theoretical and methodological justification of the organization of the investment process in the Russian economy continues to be the subject of ongoing discussions in the scientific community. There are no unified approaches to determining the investment sources, the role of depreciation in the investment and reproduction process, and determining the most important macroeconomic conditions for its normalization;
♦ the problem of increasing the investment activity of enterprises and business structures is particularly important at the present stage of economic development of our country. For this, it is necessary to increase the scales of generation of all types of investment resources of enterprises, both own and borrowed, and their effective implementation for technical and organizational development purposes;
♦ regular management of the formation and use of the depreciation fund and the accumulation fund, upon condition of the presence of favorable macroeconomic factors, can significantly increase the share of enterprises ` own funds in their investments, reduce operating costs and increase their competitiveness in the digital economy.
|Сведения:||Alexey V. Streltsov, Doctor of Economics, Professor.; Gennady I. Yakovlev, Doctor of Economics, Professor of the Department of Economics, Organization and Development Strategy of Industrial Enterprises. - Samara State University of Economics.||66|
|FINANCE, MONETARY CIRCULATION AND CREDIT|
|METHODOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE FINANCIAL STABILITY RISK MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IN THE INVESTMENT ACTIVITIES OF BANKS|
|The risk of loss of financial stability in the investment activities of banks is the probability of a negative impact of the negative financial result of the bank`s investment activities on the capital structure and bringing it to an imbalance of funds. This type of risk is complex and includes several types of banking risks that have a direct impact on the financial stability of the bank. A system for managing such a risk implies a combination of three systems: the control system, the managed system and the result of the management. Each of the elements of the system is subject to the principles of managing the risk of loss of financial stability and thus contributes to achieving the result - minimizing the studied risk. Effective risk management is a crucial task of the bank to ensure profitability, as well as to maximize the value of shareholders. The business environment and the development of technologies had a significant impact on changes in risk management practices. The management of the considered risk is an iterative process. All links are constantly changing, and each change affects the other links. Managing this risk is a part of the bank`s portfolio management process. For each bank, the management system is built based on the needs and specifics. Control elements can manifest themselves in a large number, so they need to be evaluated, grouped and determine the degree of influence on the financial stability of the bank`s investment activities.
Keywords: risk management, financial stability, investment activity of the bank, risk of loss of financial stability, credit organizations, banks, complex risk, risks analysis.
♦ studying risk as a complex indicator;
♦ implementation of a vertical risk management system to obtain a comparable assessment for all types of risk;
♦ Introduction of an additional block: "Forecast values analytics system and modernization of management methods and tools".
|Сведения:||Tatyana S. Fedorenko, Post-graduate student of the Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow.||75|
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